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1 Execution site(s)
Leonard K., born in 1923, recalls : “One day, I saw a dead body of a Jewish old man. He was shot in his own bed. I was passing by with my cow and my horse while I was going to the meadow. The door of his house was wide open and I saw him dead, laying on his bed. He was probably shot in his sleep, he was quite old. He was at least 80 years old. I didn’t know him, he was brought to Zabno from Radlow. I saw a bloodstain on his chest (…)” (Eyewitness n°216, interviewed in Zabno, on Septemebr 09, 2013)
Zabno is located 69 kilometers east-northeast of Kraków. The Jews started to settle in Zabno in 1675. On the eve of World War II, between 500 and 600 Jews were living there, making up 50% of all Zabno’s citizens. Mostly traders, they ran many shops on the marketplace and surrounding streets. The Jews from Zabno had a synagogue, a Jewish cemetery, a bathhouse and a house of prayer.
Once the Germans occupied the town, the Jews were subjected to many restrictions. All the Jews, even children, had to wear armbands with the Star of David. Jewish children couldn’t continue their education, schooling was prohibited for them. Adults were required to perform forced labor. As they couldn’t go more than 2 kilometers beyond the limits of the town, they had many difficulties in purchasing food. In November 1940, the Zabno Judenrat established a community kitchen that distributed meals for the Jews. On March 10 or 11, 1942, between 30 and 40 Jews were shot near the brickyard by the Gestapo from Tarnow and some members of the Order Police from Dabrowa Tarnowska. Their bodies were buried in one mass grave at the Jewish cemetery in Zabno. In May 1942, a ghetto was established in Zabno. Most of the 650 or so Jews from the Zabno ghetto were sent to the Bełzec extermination camp.
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