Belynichi | Mogilev

Group portrait of the members of a Zionist hachshara [agricultural collective] from Belynichi in front of a cabin © United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Sarah Holstein Maslow / Overview of Belynichi. Today there are around 10,000 inhabitants. © Aleksey Kasyanov -Yahad-In Unum The country side in Belynichi. Before the war, the village was a Jewish shtetl ©Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Mikhail V., Belarusian, saw from his window how the Jews were brought to the execution site © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Galina P., born in 1932. She had Jewish neighbors on  Zadruskaya street. The day of the shooting, the starosta demanded that the inhabitants leave their homes © Aleksey Kasyanov -Yahad-In Unum The execution site of the Belynichi Jews in the forest between Belynichi and Vyalikaya Maschanitsa © Aleksey Kasyanov -Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Belynichi

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Forest
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Galina M. who lived on the same street as many Jews remembered see the Jews being brought to the killing site: “I saw the column of Jews going near the river. It was near the bridge between Belynichi and Sloboda. The staroste told us that we should not leave our houses and not look out the window. But I looked and saw the column. It was guarded by Germans and dogs on both sides. They told the Jews that they would be moved to another city” (Witness N°628, interviewed in Belynichi, on May 4, 2012).

Historical note

Around 780 Jews lived in Belynichi at the eve of the war. They composed about 24 percent of the total population. The Jews were mainly traders.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

 There were different execution sites of the Belynichi Jews. The main one is in the forest: more than 600 Jews (mainly women and children) from the Belynichi ghetto were shot in two large pits on December 12, 1941. The graves were dug by the inhabitants of the nearby village, Mashchanitsa. The Jewish men were killed during a previous Aktion in September 1941 near Niropla.

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