Berezne | Rivne

Berezne city © Anna Skulska/ Taken from Berezne city, synagogue © Anna Skulska/ taken from Berezne city, Local government © Anna Skulska / taken from

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Executions of the Jews of Berezne

1 Execution site(s)

Investigated by Yahad :
Kind of place before :
Memorials :
Period of occupation:
Witnesses interviewed :

Witness interview

Witnesses interviewed: 4. (N°1797, 1798, 1799, 1800).
Mariana M (N°1798): “ The Jews were taken to the grave by policemen, we watched from a little further; when the Jews began to scream, the policemen forbid us to approach. There were Germans and local policemen. The Jews were taken to the pit in groups, They went down into it and were shot.”

Soviet archives

“1.5 km from Berezno, five graves were discovered. four graves 50 meters long, 4 meters wide and 1.5 meters deep and the 2 others graves 50 meters long, 5 meters wide and 2 meters deep. In one of these graves, all the bodies were killed naked and there were a lot of little children. In these 5 graves, 3,680 victims were shot on August 25, 1942”.

Historical note

Berezne is located 56 kilometers northeast from Rowne. In 1921, 2,372 Jews lived in the town.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

The ghetto was established on October 6 1941, then a second one especially for the skilled workers and their families. Altogether, 1,500 Jews lived in the two ghettos. The ghetto was liquidated on August 25, 1942, about 3,200 Jews were shot by the Security Police and the SD helped by the Ukrainian police and the German Gendarmerie.

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