1 Execution site(s)
Viktor K., born in 1931, recalls: "[…] The Germans told me, ’watch how the Jews are being killed so you will no longer have any idea about joining the partisans’…and I saw the execution of about 30 wagon loads…Yes, 52,000 people were killed there – the Jews and all those who were put in the Bronnaya Gora shed (the ones who were suspected of having been in touch with the partisans). They were forced to dig the mass graves and then they were all killed (including the Jews) […]." (Eyewitness N°139, interwieved in Bronnaya Gora, on April 08, 2009)
"The rail cars with the people were uploaded one after another. The people were forced to undress completely and put their clothes in a pile. Then, they were taken, through a passage lined with barbed wire, to the pits and were ordered to lie face down in the pits." [Act N°1, established by local Soviet commission, RG-22.002M/7021-83/9]
"My company members had formed a path on the railway which led to the grave where the execution took place. On one side the grave inclined. A wagon subsequently arrived next to the grave. It was still locked. I could precisely see the wagon being opened and I also saw the Jews of every gender and every age staying closely to each other inside. All together, the Jews had to take their clothes off in the wagon. I meant that they had to take all their clothes off until they were completely naked. When they opened the wagon they took out all the bodies of those who had probably died from suffocation. Coming out of the wagon the Jews were chased to the grave through the path which was formed by the members of my company. The Jews were very calm and went to the execution place. There was no attempt to escape. I saw about five or six SD members with submachine guns." [Deposition of Alfred B., a police battaillon n°320 member, made on December 01, 1960, B 162/7841 (204 AR-Z 439/67)]
Bronnaya Gora is located 125 kilometers (78 miles) northeast of Brest. On June 24, 1941 the village was occupied by the German army. Within the first days of May, 1943, a concentration camp was created near the railway station.
The anti- Jewish Aktions in Bronnaya Gora were carried out by SS and SD units. As the mass graves were dug, by the middle of June of 1942, Germans began to transfer in railroad cars Soviet citizens from different places in Bereza, Brest, Dohitzin, Yanov, Horodetz and other places in Belarus, to the station Bronnaya Gora. From June until November, 1942, 50,000 civilians were executed by Germans.
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