Byten | Brest

/ The former Jewish cemetery in Byten © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Yahad research team is looking for witnesses © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Nikolay K., Belarusian, born in 1925. He was forced to dig and fill the mass grave where the execution took place © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum Nadezhda Z., Belorusian, born in 1930. She saw the column brought to the killing site © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum The Yahad team during an interview © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Killing site of Jews during the liquidation of the ghetto. © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum The well in which the Jews were thrown © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Byten

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Forest/Garden
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Vasiliy M. evokes : "I saw in the ghetto a couple of old people who were forced to their knees before a mass grave and killed by a bullet to the back of the neck, it was in the garden surrounded by a fence. Two small mass graves had been dug. There was also a young man who tried to bury himself and was shot. His body was then dragged to the garden to be buried. His wife and his baby were hiding in the school at first but then they were shot too. It was in the summer." (Witness N°309, interviewed in April, 2010)

Historical note

More than 880 Jews lived in Byten at the eve of World War II. Most of the Jews were merchants. Around 200 Jewish refugees from Poland settled in the town when the German came.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Since the beginning of the German occupation, the Jews were used as forced labor for the new authorities. A ghetto was erected in the spring of 1942, gathering Jews from Byten as well as from the nearby villages like Ivatseviche: about 1,200 Jews lived in the ghetto in miserable conditions. After the mass killing that took place in Slonim, the Byten Jews decided to build bunkers and hiding places. In July 1942, the Germans and the Hilfspolizei surrounded the ghetto. The local police thoroughly searched the place. All the Jews were brought by trucks or forced to walk to the ditches dug by peasants from the countryside. Around 840 Jews were shot during this Aktion. The Yahad team found this killing site, and another one where some Jews were killed during the liquidation of the ghetto.

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