Chavusy (Chausy) | Mogilev

/ / Rural ambiance © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Abandoned Jewish cemetery © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Aleksandr Sh., born in 1934 © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Nina G., born in 1928, a child from the mix marriage who survived the war © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum The building of former German Kommendatur © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum The killing place of Jews, POWs and communists in Chavusy, near the former Kommandantur © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Yahad’s research team with the witness near the killing site © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Chavusy

2 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Field
Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1941-1943
Number of victims :
Around 675

Witness interview

Anna C. recalls: " I saw the grave after the shooting and before I saw the column. There were a lot of buttons and bullets around the pit. The grave was 15 meters long and 3 meters large. It was all fulfilled." (Witness N°591, interviewed in Chausy, on April 22, 2012)

Historical note

Chausy, used to be a substantial Jewish shtetl, which dated from the 17th century, is a town situated 157 kilometers (98 miles) north of Gomel. On the eve of the war, there were around 2.000 Jews living in the town and in the nearby villages. The Jews represented 18% of all population. Moreover, there were some Jewish refugees who fled from the occupied Poland and Western Belarus. The town was occupied by Germans on July, 1941. Almost a part of the Jews managed to evacuate before the German arrival.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Under the German occupation all the Jews were registered, marked and subjected to force labor. In August 1941, the first two Aktions were conducted during which about 50 Jews were murdered. In all, around 675 Jews were murdered in Chausy. All the execution Aktions were carried out by Sonderkommando 7b, subordinated to Einsatzgruppe B. The Yahad team found the execution site  of the Jews, POW’s and communists near the former Kommandantur. The majority of the Jews from Chavusy were killed in the nearly village Dranukha. (To learn more about the executions in Dranukha please check the village’s profile)

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