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2 Execution site(s)
Valentina M. recalls: "I arrived with other children when I heard shooting. I saw it from a distance, there were men, women, children. The second shooting took place at the same place." (Witness N° 439, interviewed in May 2011)
"The opening of one of the pits enabled the determination that they were filled with human bodies, most of which showed wounds, caused by a bullet, on both ends of the skull. Among the mass of skeletons, there were skeletons of women and children. The pit was 3m deep." [Act of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, RG 22.022.7021-72/14]
"Every marksman chose his victim himself, without an explicit order having been given from anywhere. Most of the time, this happened in the following way: he gave a sign to one of the people who had arrived, to stand still, or he arranged the person in a way he could shoot him or her. The marksman aimed his firearm at the person’s neck, and shot." [LG Koblenz 630521 9Ks2/62]
Dzerzhinsk is located 40 kilometers southwest of Minsk. In 1939, there were 1,314 Jews living in Dzerzhinsk, accounting for 15% of the total population. Much of the town was destroyed from aerial bombardment in the fighting when the town was captured. The city was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.
In August 1941, all the Jews of Dzerzhinsk were moved into a ghetto, which was located on a single street, as most of the rest of the town had been burned. The liquidation of the Dzerzhinsk ghetto took place on October 21, 1941. The Jews were driven up Kolvinchin Hill, where an old castle stood. Here they had prepared a deep and wide pit where they were shot. At the beginning of March 1942, the Germans rounded up about 3,000 Jews in the Minsk ghetto and loaded them onto a train at the Minsk- Tovarnaya railway station. From there they were transported to the Dzerzhinsk station, where they were shot over two days in nearby pits in a forest called Ryzhavka.
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