Glusk | Mogilev

/ Ambiance in Glusk. © Jethro Massey  - Yahad-In Unum A former Jewish house of the Katzman family in Glusk. © Jethro Massey  - Yahad-In Unum Lyubov V. spoke about the Jews with emotion © Jethro Massey  - Yahad-In Unum Vasiliy G. lived on a Jewish street before the war. © Jethro Massey  - Yahad-In Unum Inside the witness’s house. © Jethro Massey  - Yahad-In Unum The execution site of about 3000 Jews from Glusk   © Jethro Massey  - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Glusk

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Forest
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
About 1,000

Witness interview

Semyon G. remembers: “When the Jews arrived at the hill, I heard gunshots in bursts, ceaselessly. Then, it was single shots.
One week later, I went to see the site. There were 2 pits, a large one, and a smaller, round one. The pits were filled with bodies, but there were no bodies at the edge. The victims were dressed. And the pits were very badly filled. At the time of the Germans’ retreat, the bodies were burned. When I returned to see it, there were still bones at the bottom of the pit.” (Witness N°783, interviewed in Myslotino, on May 27, 2014).

Soviet archives

“The Germans brought the Jews to Myslotino Hill in closed trucks. I saw with my own eyes the Germans bringing people of Jewish nationality, nearly 800 people. There were not only men, but elderly people, women, children of all ages. On the hill, there were large mass graves, 10m long by 5m wide. » [Testimony of Matriona P. in Glusk, on February 26, 1945, for The Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, RG-22.002M Reel 24 part III p.65]

Historical note

Glusk is a city located 46 kilometers southwest of Bobruisk. Before the war and still today, Glusk is a district center.

According to the 1939 census, 1,935 Jews lived in Glusk, making up 37,8 % of the total population. There was a wooden synagogue. The majority of Jews lived off of trade. The town was occupied by German forces at the end of June 1941.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

It seems that an open ghetto was set up, but most of the Jews kept on living in their houses. According to local testimonies recorded on the ground by Yahad, the Jewish houses were also marked with a Star of David. Jews were forced to perform daily labor, like working in the fields. Sometimes, local inhabitants were forced to watch episodes in which the Jews were humiliated.

On December 2, 1941, chased away by the local policemen who were beating them, the Jews were ordered to gather in the city square and to bring their valuables along with a little food. These Jews were then taken in a column and shot at Myslotino Hill in pits that had been dug in advance by prisoners of war. It is estimated that there were around 1000 victims.

A certain number of Jews, especially specialists who were not living within the ghetto, managed to escape the massacre, and joined the partisans.

According to eyewitnesses interviewed by Yahad, before retreating, the Germans set up Operation 1005. The Jewish corpses were buried by Soviet Prisoners of War.

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