Gory | Mogilev

/ View of the rural landscape of Shamovo © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum© Typical horse-car © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Nikolay M., born in 1935, saw the Jewish column, which had both women and children. They were carrying many of their belongings. The column was escorted by local policemen and Germans © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum At the extermination site, the witness shows the team the mass grave. © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Gory

2 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Fields
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Nikolay M. recalls: “The Jews were killed in a grave at the end of the village, near the linen factory. I saw the shooting from far away, 300 meters. I saw how the Jews approached the grave and heard some shots. I couldn’t see the details. I left at the beginning of the shooting. I remember that it was cold.” (Witness N°645, interviewed in Gory, on June 19, 2013).

Historical note

There was a Jewish community in Gory, dating back to the end of the 17th century. During the Soviet period in the 1930’s, the majority of the Jews were worked as artisans, in agriculture or in the flax factory. There was a kolkhoz and a Yiddish school. At the end of the 1920’s, there were 355 Jews in the village. The German occupation began on July 12, 1941.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

As soon as the occupation began, many shootings occurred in the village. First, three Jewish men were shot. According to German sources, on October 10, 1941, members of the EK8 surrounded the village. Nikolay M. (Witness N°645) remembers that the Germans and local policemen led a large column of Jews out of the village. A large pit had been dug at the site of the flax factory. The Jews were ordered to undress and to lie face down in the pit before being shot. Approximately 200 victims were murdered during the execution.

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