Halych (Galych, Halycz, Galycz, Galich) | Ivano-Frankivsk

/ View of the city of Halych © Markel Redondo - Yahad-In Unum Location of the old Jewish cemetery @ Markel Redondo – Yahad-In Unum Yaroslav L., born in 1925 in Halych, saw how the Jews were humiliated in the meadow where they were gathered. The Germans forced them to dance together  © Markel Redondo – Yahad – In Unum Igor B., born in 1932, saw the Jews when they were crossing the river to go to the train station. They were gathered in a meadow. © Markel Redondo – Yahad – In Unum Anton M., born in 1935, recalled, «One by one with help from one of them, the Jews had to get on a stool, then on a guardrail. When the German gave the order, they jumped.”  © Markel Redondo- Yahad-In Unum The execution site where Jewish victims met their deaths after being forced to jump from the bridge © Markel Redondo- Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Halych

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Bank of the Dnister River
Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Anton M. stated: “I saw the Germans, with dogs, arresting about 15 people in the street at random. But the dogs were specially trained to find the Jews. The Jews were thrown in jail for the night. And the next day, the Germans arrested inhabitants to tell them to go to the bridge. I saw the Jews, only men, coming to the bridge with barbed wire and a stone tied around their necks. The translator said: “We will drown the Jews in the Dnister.” (Witness N°1864, interviewed in Halych, on September 11, 2013).

German archives

“The Landwirt of the towns were named: Hey for Nadvirna, Kehler for Tlumach, Mücke for Halych and I was in charge of the one from Ivano-Frankivsk. I stayed in Ivano-Frankivsk until June or July 1944. At the end of the war, I was Hauptscharführer.”
(Deposition of Hans S., made in Nuremberg on April 19, 1962, B162-4993).

Historical note

Halych is located along the Dniester River in western Ukraine, 25 km north of Ivano-Frankivsk. The town was occupied by Germans at the beginning of July 1941. According to witnesses, the Jewish community was large. Most of them lived in the town center on the right bank of the river.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

The anti-Jewish aktions took place in the fall of 1941 or 1942. During these aktions around 1,000 Jews were shot. According to some sources and Yahad research findings, some 20-30 Jews were drowned in the Dniester River.

 

 

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