Horodyshche (Gorodishche)/Polonka | Volyn

Five Jewish young women in Lutsk in the years before WWII. © Ghetto fighters house archives The Lutsk synagogue © Wikipedia Old Synagogue of Łuck in the early 20th century © Yad Vashem Photo Collection Children on the streets of the ghetto © Yad Vashem Photo Collection Ghetto streeof Lutsk following extermination of Jews, 1942 © Wikipedia Young Jews apparently being taken to the labour camp © Yad Vashem Photo collection Two camp guards supervise a group of Jewish forced laborers from the Wisznice ghetto while they stand in line for food at the Horodyszcze labor camp. ©  United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Eliezer & Jenelly Rosenberg A Jewish woman and girl stand in the doorway of a wooden barracks in the Horodyszcze labor camp.© United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Instytut Pamieci Narodowej / / The former location of the labor camp on the Krasne street. Today, there are residential building at this place  © Guillaume Ribot /Yahad-In Unum The former sugar factory. The execution site is located not far away from this place. © Guillaume Ribot /Yahad-In Unum Apparently a member of the German Order Police near the mass grave at Gurka Polonka (Execution site close to the sugar factory, not far away from Horodyshche and Polonka). Photograph taken shortly after the murder operation. © Yad Vashem Photo Collection

Execution of the Lutsk Jews in Horodyshche/Polonka

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Near the sugar factory
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
25,000

Witness interview

Ivan V., born in 1929: "When I came, I saw the children and the women forced to undress. The women were ashamed and did not want to remove their clothes. They were hit with rifle butts. Then they told them to go to the edge of the pit and they shot them. In the melee some fell into the pit alive. They tried to get out but were shot in the head." (Eyewitness n°1482, interviewed in Horodyshche, on May 6, 2012)

German archives

"[…] Horodyshche was about 8km from Lutsk. I was there in the summer of 1942. I remember there were between 80 and 100 Jews gathered in a camp and were doing farm work for the Germans. I think that at the end of 1942 the annihilation of the Jews from the city started. During the night they were taken outside the city and shot. I think I am the only survivor of the Horodyshche camp. I stayed in the camp for a couple of months. The Sonderführer was a German […]. " [Deposition of a Jewish survivor Ben Zion P., given during the trial; B162-3879]

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