Hrymayliv (Grymailiv, Grimailov, Grymailov, Grzymalov) | Ternopil

Chana Golda Weintraub Okon (woman in the middle) with her two daughters Basha (on the left) and Shaefa (on the right), murdered in Grymailov. Rose Okon (a child) was taken to America around 1920 © From personal archive of Susan B. Solomon / Abandoned building of a synagogue © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum Stanislav M., born in 1913, near his house © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum Witness showing the place where Jews were hidden © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum Viktoria M., born in 1926 © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum Yahad-In Unum’s team led by Patrice Bensimon during the interview © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Hrymayliv

3 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Pit
Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
2,530

Witness interview

Stanislav M., born in 1913, evokes: "They dug the pit much in advance, because I went to see this pit. We had been told that they were going to shoot the Jews there… the Jews themselves told me that and I went to look. It was two or three days in advance, and there was nobody there. And later, they were brought there alive and shot.Imanaged to hide one Jewish family in my cave. It was a Jewish doctor and his family members, 5 people in total. During all that time I gave them food. They all survived. Their names were Goldring, Mitsenmaher, Vanetfeld and others." (Eyewitness N°796, interviewed in Hrymayliv, on May 09, 2009)

Soviet archives

"Straight ahead after a three-day pogrom against Jewish population, a camp was established in the village of Hrymailiv under the direction of Nerling (SS), a German in charge of agriculture issues. The Jews were gathered in this camp. They were given 260 grams of bread and hot soup per day when they were forced to work 18 hours every day. On their chest the Jews wore a square piece of yellow fabric with a number." [Deposition of Efroim, a Jewish survivor, born in 1912, to the Extraordinary Soviet commission, RG-22.002M.7021-75/94]

Historical note

Hrymayliv, found in 1595, is located about 45 km south-east of Ternopil. In 1931, the population was 4,074, and 1,494 out of them were Jews. Its residents were engaged in flour milling, brick manufacturing and distilling.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

According to the Soviet commission, the first anti Jewish measures were carried out on July 05, 1941. During the three days about 450 Jews, --women, children, elder people among them were shot and thrown in the lake. The second Aktion took place on October 12, 1941, during which about 1,700 Jews were sent to the camp in Skalat and executed shortly after. A camp was established in Hrymailiv. During the third Aktion, which took place on October 21, 1941, from 1.300 to 1.700 Jews were slaughtered. On November 25, 1941, about 300 Jews from Hrymailiv camp were sent to different camps, like Lubochok, Kamenka, Velyki Borky and others where they were most probably executed afterwards. The remaining 305 Jews were transferred to the Skalat ghetto where they were shot little by little from the 7th till 26th April, 1942. According to the estimation between 5th July, 1941, and 23th March, 1944, ina ll about 2,530 Jews were executed.

Jewishgen

Nearby villages

  • Skalat
  • Stupky
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