3 Execution site(s)
Stanislav M. evokes: "They dug the pit much in advance, because I went to see this pit. We had been told that they were going to shoot the Jews there… the Jews themselves told me and I went to look. It was two or three days in advance, and there was nobody there. And later, they were brought there alive and shot at this place." (Eyewitness N°796, interviewed in Hrymayliv, on May 09, 2009)
"Straight ahead after a three-day pogrom against Jewish population, a camp was established in the village of Hrymailiv under the direction of Nerling (SS), a German in charge of agriculture issues. The Jews were gathered in this camp. They were given 260 grams of bread and hot soup per day when they were forced to work 18 hours every day. On their chest the Jews wore a square piece of yellow fabric with a number." [Deposition of Efroim, a Jewish survivor, born in 1912, to the Extraordinary Soviet commission, RG-22.002M.7021-75/94]
Hrymayliv, found in 1595, is located about 45 km south-east of Ternopil. In 1931, the population was 4,074, and 1,494 out of them were Jews. Its residents were engaged in flour milling, brick manufacturing and distilling.
According to the Soviet commission, the first anti Jewish measures were carried out on July 05, 1941. During the three days about 450 Jews, --women, children, elder people among them were shot and thrown in the lake. The second Aktion took place on October 12, 1941, during which about 1,700 Jews were sent to the camp in Skalat and executed shortly after. A camp was established in Hrymailiv. During the third Aktion, which took place on October 21, 1941, from 1.300 to 1.700 Jews were slaughtered. On November 25, 1941, about 300 Jews from Hrymailiv camp were sent to different camps, like Lubochok, Kamenka, Velyki Borky and others where they were most probably executed afterwards. The remaining 305 Jews were transferred to the Skalat ghetto where they were shot little by little from the 7th till 26th April, 1942. According to the estimation between 5th July, 1941, and 23th March, 1944, ina ll about 2,530 Jews were executed.
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