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1 Execution site(s)
Roman Zh. tells: "Here, in this forest, there was a pit where they executed about 100 Jews. They were killed by Germans as the police had not been created yet." (Witness n°161, met in Husyatyn, on August 07, 2005)
"In the beginning of the war, in 1941, with others inhabitants of the village we decided to flee in the central part of the country. Near Husyatyn, the train which we took was bombed by German airplanes. The people who managed to escape alive escaped through the fields, while the airplanes tried to bomb and shoot them. Afterwards, I returned back home." [Deposition of Roza Sh., born in 1925, a Jewish survivor native to Zaleshchyky, RG 22.022/7021-75/14]
Husyatyn, found in 1559, is situated about 80 km (44 miles) southeast of Ternopil. In the 19th century, the town used to be a prosperous commercial and one of the most important Hassidic centers in Western Ukraine. Most of the Jews were craftsmen or merchants. After the WWI the Jewish community decreased from 4,200 to 370 Jews. The town was occupied by Germans troops on July 06, 1941.
The first anti-Jewish measures started from the beginning of German occupation. During the first action, on July 06, 1941, about 200 Jews were sent to the labor camps or killed on the spot by Germans and Ukrainian police in different parts of the town. In March, 1942, the remaining Jews were sent to the concentration camps in Kopychyntsi, Probuzhna and Belzec. For more information about the Holocaust in Kopychyntsi please look the village’s profile.
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