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1 Execution site(s)
Yelena K. evokes: "When the Jews were taken to the execution site, they were beaten. Many Jews, especially young men, tried to escape." (Witness N°17, interviewed in Khislavichi, on September 28, 2009).
"The inhabitants of Khislavichi say that at least 800 human lives were destroyed on this horrible night. The massacre lasted a long time. Everybody who looked like a Jew was exterminated, like Ms.Kushchevskaya, an Ukrainian who was killed with her three small children." ( Act drawn by the Soviet Extraordinary Commission, made in May 1945, RG-22.002M/1630-2/28).
Khislavichi is located 75 kilometers south of Smolensk on the Sozh River. In 1939, 1,427 Jews were living in the town. Units of German Army Group Center entered Khislavichi on July 16, 1941.
Shortly after the Germans’ arrival, 800 Jews of the town were marked and were resettled in a ghetto. The first aktion was perpetrated against 120 to 150 Jews in September or October 1941. On March 20, 1942, the Russian police entered the ghetto. Under the command of the German Security Police, they killed all the Jews of the ghetto about 150 meters northwest of the town.
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