Koldychevo | Brest

/ The former camp in Koldychevo © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Inside of the Koldychevo camp © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Oaks in the camp which used to serves as gallows © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Schema of the Koldychevo camp: 1.Prison; 2. Kitchen for prisoners; 3. Execution site of 2,000 prisoners; 5. SD building; 6. Basement where the tortures took place; 8. Workshop, where Jewish artisans produced bricks; 9. Prisoner’s shed; 14. Oaks-gallows Entrance to the Koldychevo camp. Interview near the masse grave of 2,000 prisoners © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Yosif G. is going on the site with Yahad team © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Yosif G. recalled how he was requisitioned to bring clay to the Jews who made bricks in the camp and to deliver foods provisions © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Maria A., born in1921, was imprisoned in the camp with her 2 months baby because her husband joined the partisans. She stayed there from November to January © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Valentina M., born 1928, saw the shooting from some distance and remember that the camp prisoners were shot in groups of twos, facing the shooters © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Koldychevo

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Woods
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Nina D. remembers: "I saw the Koldychevo concentration camp from the outside when I went to visit a member of my family. It was well guarded. I saw a mass shooting from outside, next to it. A pit was dug and the Jews were shot down at the edge of the pit, the men as well as women." (Witness N° 251, interviewed in March 2010)

Soviet archives

"In 1942, 18km from Baranovichi, on the road from Baranovitchi to Novogrudok, on the Koldychevo property, a concentration camp for Soviet Slavic civilians was created. 10,000 people (men, women and children) were confined there." [Act of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission RG0.002/7021-81]

Historical note

Koldychevo is a small village north of the city of Baranovichi. The village was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Koldychevo was the site of a Nazi concentration camp. 22,000 people, mostly Jews, might have been killed in the camp between 1942 and 1944. The camp was also used to imprison Soviet prisoners of war, Polish and Belarusian partisans. In March 1944, the surviving population of about 100 Jews, led by Shlomo Kushnir, drilled a hole in the wall of their barracks, cut through the electrical fence surrounding the camp, and escaped into the moonless night. Twenty-four prisoners were recaptured, including Kushnir, who committed suicide. Many of the rest joined up with the Bielsky partisans in the Naliboki forest. On June 29, 1944, with Soviet troops approaching as part of Operation Bagration, the Koldychevo camp was liquidated. 2,000 of the remaining prisoners were shot in a pit beneath a mound. Another 300 were evacuated to Germany.

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