Kolky (Kolki) | Volyn

/ Landscape in Kolky © Ellénore Gobry/Yahad-In Unum Bucolic landscape in Kolky © Ellénore Gobry/Yahad-In unum The location of the former ghetto in Kolky © Ellénore Gobry -Yahad-In Unum Petro K., born 1927: "On the road some Jews tried to escape by throwing send in the Germans’ eyes.” © Ellénore Gobry/Yahad-In Unum Petro K. witnessed three local Jews being found hiding in the barn and shot in the vegetable garden. According to him they were shot by Schutzmann. © Ellénore Gobry – Yahad-In Unum Yahad’s team during the interview © Ellénore Gobry/Yahad-In unum With the witness near the second execution site on the banks of the Star river. According to the witness about 60 Jews were killed here. © Ellénore Gobry – Yahad-In Unum The main execution site, located in the forest, where about 2,000 Jews were murdered. The witness’s father was requisitioned by force to cover the pit. © Ellénore Gobry – Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Kolky

3 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Forest/Close to the river bank/Vegetable garden
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
About 2,000

Witness interview

Ivan K. explains: "Some inhabitants were requisitioned along with their wagons to get the clothes of the Jews who were killed. All the clothing was stored in a building, but I do not know what happened to it."( Witness N°1476, interviewed in Kolky, on May 4, 2012).

Soviet archives

"During the summer of 1942, a Gestapo commando unit from Lutsk, returned a second time to Kolki. With the cooperation of the gendarmerie and the local police, they forced two thousand civilians to get into trucks and escorted them to the nearby forest, and shot them with automatic weapons above the pits that were dug in advance."[Report from the CES, made on 15 November 1944, RG-22.002M/7021-55/5].

Historical note

Kolki is located 69 kilometers northwest of Rivne. There were 724 Jews in the town in 1921 and 860 at the end of 1937. 

Holocaust by bullets in figures

German units occupied the town at the end of July 1941. A German gendarmerie and a Ukrainian police were based in the town shortly after the occupation. In the summer or fall 1941, the anti-Jewish measures began and the Jews had to wear a yellow star and were registered. 50 Jews were shot outside of the village by the Ukrainian police during this summer. An open ghetto was established in October 1941 which was liquidated in July 1942 by a SD detachment assisted by the German gendarmerie and the local Ukrainian police.

Jewishgen

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