Krasnopolye (Krasnopolle) | Mogilev

/ Typical house in the village of Krasnopolye © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Another view of the house of a witness in Krasnopolye © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Guerguiy P., born in 1926, saw the Jewish column. The Jews had to pass through a field in order to arrive in an anti-tank ditch about 1 km away © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Witness’s wife on the location of the extermination site © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum

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Excution of Jews in Krasnopolye

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Anti-tank trench
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Andrey B. recalls : “The shooting took place in February 1943. The Jews were led to a ravine in groups. Men first, then women and children. The victims had to get undressed before the shooting. I observed the scene from the window of my house. It was during the winter, there was snow, the landscape was clear. We could hear some screams. The selection was done on the road, then they took some groups of men, women and children. The victims had to get undressed but kept their underwear on. We could hear bursts of gunfire. Local policemen and 2 Germans led the execution.” (Witness N°634, interviewed in Krasnopolye, on June 14, 2013).

Historical note

Krasnpolye is located about 130 kilometers East-Southeast of Mogilev. During the 18th century, Jews began to live in the village. They were artisans or traders. Some Jewish families worked in agriculture, later in the Jewish kolkhoz « Frayhayt ». There was a Yiddish school until 1938. There were 1,181 Jews in the village in 1939. The German occupation began on August 15, 1941. . The first Jews lived in the village in the 18th century. Most of the Jews were artisans or traders. A kolkhoz was established in 1926. There was a Yiddish school during the Soviet period. There were 1,134 Jews in the village in 1939. The German occupation began in August 1941.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

After the beginning of the occupation, a ghetto was created. On September 3, 1942, the Jews were gathered by local policemen. They were told they would be resettled but in fact, they were taken to the Kommunary railway station. The Jews were asked to dig a grave nearby, then to undressed and to lie face down in the grave. Lots of children were thrown alive into the grave. According to Soviet sources, 380 Jews perished in the village.

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