Krugloye (Krugloe) | Mogilev

/ Jewish cemetery in Krugloye. © Aleksey Kasyanov /Yahad-In Unum Prior to the war, the majority of residents lived off of agriculture and farm work.  © Aleksey Kasyanov /Yahad-In Unum Members of the Yahad team with the witness. © Aleksey Kasyanov/ Yahad-In Unum The building where the Kommandantur was located in Krugloye. Nowadays it is a museum. © Aleksey Kasyanov /Yahad-In Unum Viktoria Z., born in 1932: «One Jewish man, Mota, managed to flee in the forest where he joined a partisan unit.» © Aleksey Kasyanov /Yahad-In Unum The place where the Jews were gathered before the shooting in Krugloye. © Aleksey Kasyanov / Yahad-In Unum The execution site of two Jews murdered shortly after the German occupation. (Execution site n°1) Back then it was a private garden. © Aleksey Kasyanov/ Yahad-In Unum The execution site of Jews located at the end of Krugloye. (Execution site n°2) The remains were exhumed and reburied at the Jewish cemetery. © Aleksey Kasyanov /Yahad-In Unum The monument in memory of 515 Jews murdered by the Nazis in Krugloye © Aleksey Kasyanov /Yahad-In Unum

Executions of Jews in Krugloye

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Private garden (1); Close to the river (2)
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
515

Witness interview

Viktoria Z., born in 1932, remembered: “I had a Jewish friend. Her name was Busya. She was my age. She had short black curly hair and big eyes. She was very cute. When the Jews were gathered at one place [ghettoized], she came to my house and my grandmother gave her some food. I was very surprised when I saw how she was eating. She was very hungry. We were hungry too, but not like that”. (Testimony N°669, interviewed in Krugloye, on July 12, 2013).

Soviet archives

“The Germans fascist monsters shot in the district of Krugloye, 601 innocent workers, including 206 women and 112 children. 42 people were savagely burned, 11 women and 22 children were among them. 843 men and 879 women were deported to perform forced labor in Germany. Overall, in the district 2,365 people were shot, hanged, burned or deported”. [Act drawn up on December 26, 1944 by the State Extraordinary Commission; RG 22.002M. 7021-88-42]

Historical note

Krugloye is located about 60 km northwest of Mogilev. The first record about the Jewish community goes back to the early 19th century. In 1841, 308 Jews lived in the village and by 1908 the Jewish population had increased to 600. There was a synagogue, a cheder, and a Yiddish school until 1935. The majority of Jew were artisan, some of whom worked in the cooperatives. A small part was involved in agriculture and trade. On the eve of the war, 238 Jews lived in Krugloye, comprising 20 percent of the total population.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

The Germans occupied the village on July 8, 1941. Shortly after the Germans arrived, all Jews were registered and marked. They were subjected to perform forced labor. According to the witness interviewed by Yahad-In Unum, there were isolated shootings of Jews since the beginning of the occupation. On September 15, 1941, about 60 to100 men were taken under the pretext of forced labor, but they were shot dead in the nearby forest. The remaining women and children were confined to the ghetto created shortly after that, along with the Jews who were brought from Shepelevichi and Teterino.  It was composed of two houses located on the Moprovskaya Street, fenced in with barbed wire and guarded by local policemen. Supposedly, 200 remaining Jewish inmates were murdered in June 1942. The Jews were taken in columns to the execution place close to the river. The column was escorted by Germans. There were women, children and elderly people among the victims. According to the Soviet archives, some Jews from Krugloye were shot in Klimovichi.

 For more information about the executions in Klimovichi please refer to the corresponding profile.

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