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1 Execution site(s)
Praskova T. recalls : “When the war began, I lived in Kostyuchkovo. My family was in Orsha, where we lived in a camp as refugees because we were expelled. We went to Lenino to visit family. When we came back, we passed in front of the grave in which the Jews had been shot, men were filling it. I didn’t see a lot of details because I was frightened.” (Witness N°648, interviewed in Lenino, on June 19, 2013).
Lenino is located about 20 kilometers West of Slutsk. Until 1917, the village was called Romanovo. German forces occupied the settlement at the end of June 1941. Owing to the rapid German advance, only a few Jews were able to evacuate to the East. Fewer than 100 Jews remained in Lenino at the start of the occupation.
In September 1941, the authority was transferred to a German civil administration. Immediately after the occupation of the settlement, the Ortskommandantur ordered the registration and marking of the Jews and compelled them to perform various forms of forced labor. In late July 1941, all the Jews of the village and from the surrounding area, about 100 people, were resettled into a ghetto located on one street that led to the cemetery. Local police guarded the ghetto, which was surrounded by barbed wire on one side and enclosed by a river and a swamp on the other. After some time, 20 more people were added, bringing the ghetto population to 1200. On June 12, 1942, the Germans and local police shot the remaining 70 or 80 Jews (mostly women, children, and the elderly) in pits that had been prepared 2 kilometers to the East of the village.
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