Lyakhovichi | Brest

/ The location of the ghetto in Lyakhovichi © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Irina B. secretly brought food to the ghetto © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Ian S. was requisitioned to fill the mass grave    © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum During the interview Yan S. remembered that Jews were holding each other by the hands before falling into the pit © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Maria S., born in 1925, Pole, "After the first execution the Jews were closed up in the ghetto, situated on several streets. The territory was fenced in with barbered wire."  © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Mikhail O., born in 1924, showing the location of the mass grave © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Today, the mass grave is in a kitchen garden © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum The monument to the Jewish victims of Lyakhovichi    © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Lyakhovichi

3 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Sand pit
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Maria S. evokes: "The Jewish survivors of the first mass shooting were locked up in a ghetto. The ghetto was made up of several streets and was surrounded by posts and barbed wire. There was a front gate which was guarded by policemen and maybe some Germans. There were 3 mass shootings thereafter in 1942 to liquidate Jews. In particular there was one in March. The pit of the great mass shooting from 1941 was opened again on occasion. At the end only the top “specialists” were kept alive; they were shot last, one or two weeks after the second mass shooting." (Witness N°255, interviewed in March 2010)

Historical note

Lyakhovichi is located 20 kilometers southeast of Baranovichi. At the time of the German occupation, there were more than 3,000 Jewish inhabitants in the town, swelled by an influx of refugees fleeing from central and western Poland.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

In November, 1941, Jews are gathered in the central square, then taken and killed in a sand pit near the village of Lotva. The day of the massacre, the remaining Jews were locked up in a fenced ghetto in a poor area of the city. A new aktion took place in June 1942 when 300 Jews were killed in a place close to the previous one. That day, a revolt in the ghetto took place and several Jews managed to join the partisans. The Jews killed inside the ghetto were buried in the same location as the previous killings.

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