Mikulino | Smolensk

/ Lydia F., born in 1926, remembered that the Jews were in trouble very soon. They weren’t shot in the village but in Rudnya.@ Nicolas Tkatchouk – Yahad-In Unum Witness and members of the team going to the execution site @ Nicolas Tkatchouk – Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Mikulino

1 Execution site(s)

Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1941-1943

Witness interview

Anatoliy O. evokes: "On the day of the mass shooting, the Jews were taken on foot (only old people were taken on trucks) and were surrounded on two sides by Germans and the Police. The Jews knew they were going to be killed when they were put into the columns." (Witness N°3, interviewed in Mikulino, on September 23, 2009).

Historical note

Mikulino is situated 69 kilometers west- northwest of Smolensk. In 1939, there were 556 Jews living in the town. 

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Mobile units occupied the town in July 1941. Soon, an administration was organized in order to register the Jews of the town. The Jews had to wear yellow patches. A ghetto was established on August 1941. This ghetto was guarded by the Russian police. The ghetto was liquidated by the Germans on February 22, 1942. The perpetrators were members from Einsatzkommando 9 and local Russian police.

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