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3 Execution site(s)
Natalia V. evokes: “Some civilians were shot in the forest. I saw a covered truck coming to the forest while I was working in a field. It was summertime. The Germans shot loose on the victims, who were 10-15. The victims were killed next to the truck, by machine gun.”
(Witnesses N°606, interviewed in Mogilev, on April 28, 2012).
" I didn’t manage to write a lot today. I am so tired. 11:45. Something however: during supper, I heard that in our district, 27,000 Jews were shot. And 24,000 in Kiev!”
(BAL Verschiedenes. 301v(48), Letter of Walter Mattner
Mogilev is located about 200 kilometers east of Minsk. According to the census of 1939, Mogilev counted 19,715 Jews. The Jews were merchants, artisans or craftsmen. There were two synagogues and a Jewish school. The Wehrmacht occupied Mogilev on July 26, 1941.
At the end of August 1941, Mogilev’s Jews were parked into the ghetto on Grazhdanskaya street. In September 1941, the ghetto was moved to the bank of the Dubrovenka river. It was a closed ghetto so the Jews were not allowed to leave it. It was guarded by gendarmes and Belorussian policemen. The ones who can work were sent to forced labor. In October 1941, the Germans carried out two actions in order to destroy the ghetto on the Dubrovenka river. The first mass killing took place on October 2 and 3, 1941. The executioners were from the EK8, Police Batalions 316 and 322, Ukrainian police and a police detachment called “Waldenburg”. 2073 Jews were shot. The first 65 Jews were killed in the ghetto on October 2. The remaining 2,008 Jews were first driven to the Dimitrov factory and then shot in October 3 in the Jewish cemetery. The second action was carried out in October 19, 1941. On the early morning, the ghetto was surrounded by members of the EK8, a police unit and Ukrainian policemen. The Jews were taken out of their houses and taken by trucks to the Dimitrov factory. Men were separated from women and children and all the Jews spent the night there. On the next day, the Jews were taken to the Jewish cemetery. They were ordered to get undressed. EK8, police battalion 316 and local policemen forced them to lay down in the ditch before to shot them. According to German archives, 3,276 Jews were killed. The Germans used gas van to kill some victims. On that day, Jews from Mogilev were killed in Kazimirovka and Polykovichi as well. If you want further information, please see the page of these two villages.
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