Molchad | Brest

/ Former synagogue  © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Former Jewish cemetery © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Former Jewish houses © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Former pharmacy building which used to belong to a Jew © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Ivan V. remembered how the Jews of the nearby village of Kolesniki were taken and sent to the Molchad ghetto    © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Maria M. remembered how the Germans made the Jews lay down in the square before going to the shooting    © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Ludmila P. showing the team the site of the Jewish mass shooting   © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Molchad

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Forest
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Ivan V. remembers: "I quietly watched the mass shooting and I didn’t see everything. But I can tell you there were German gendarmes and other units. Some Jews succeeded in escaping. I heard the gunfire from my village, isolated shots or in burst. I went to see the mass graves the following day." (Witness N°242, interviewed in March 2010)

Soviet archives

"In Molchad, in the locality "Popovskiye gory", the massacres of the inhabitants of Molchad and neighboring villages took place between July 15 and 18, 1942. 3,300 Jews were killed." [Act of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, RG22.002M/7021-89]

Historical note

Molchad is a village located 139 kilometers southwest of Minsk. It was a shtetl and in 1921, the Jewish population in Molchad was 1,020.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

An open ghetto was established in 1942, which also accommodated Jews of the region. The Jews were sometimes required for hard labor, in particular agricultural work. A first shooting took place in June, 1942 when 200 Jews were killed in a nearby forest in pits dug by the Jews themselves. The liquidation of the ghetto took place in July 1942 in the forest. There were approximately 3,000 victims. Approximately 200 “specialists” were shot shortly after.

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