Oboltsy | Vitebsk

The mill in Oboltsy, 1914 © Public domain, Found on forum.globus.tut.by / Rural landscape © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Alexandra P., born in 1928. She remembered the Jewish life before the war in Oboltsy © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Ignatiy I., Belarussian, born in 1931. He lived in Oboltsy during the war © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Ignatiy V., remembered the day of shooting carried out by a special SS unit © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum View at the killing site of jews from Oboltsy © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Oboltsy

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Silo pit
Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Ignatiy V. told: " There were a Kommandantur, a Volost and a starost in each hamlet. The field had been divided by the Volost. There were policemen in dark uniforms from Smolensk district. I also remember there was a punitive SS-unit." (Witness N°542, interviewed in Oboltsy, on October 19, 2011)

Historical note

On the eve of World War II the majority of the inhabitants in Oboltsy were Jewish. Before the Soviet time, they worked mainly in trade. Then they were involved in workmanship. Many Jews joined the sovkhoze.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Shortly after the arrival of the Germans a ghetto was established in August 1941. Around 150 Jews were forced to live into two buildings of the school. In March 1941 some Jews escaped from the ghetto, with the help of a local policeman. The liquidation of the ghetto took place on June 4, 1942: about 100 Jews were shot in a pit near the ghetto.

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