Pavoloch (Pavalich, Povoloch, Pawolotsch) | Zhytomyr

/ Pavoloch is located on the banks of the Rastavytsya River, 84km Southeast of Zhytomyr. © Victoria Bahr – Yahad-In Unum The former building of the synagogue © Victoria Bahr – Yahad-In Unum The Jews were forced to kneel down and to crawl like dogs on the paved road. There were a lot of young Jews, including girls, among them.  © Victoria Bahr – Yahad-In Unum Yuriy P., born in 1927: “There were flyers thrown everywhere saying: ‘Death to the commissioners! Death to the Jews.’” © Victoria Bahr – Yahad-In Unum Lidia M., born in 1927: «I still remember the twins in their sailor costumes going towards the pit. They were the sons of my school teacher, Fira Isakovna.” © Victoria Bahr – Yahad-In Unum Yahad team during the interview © Victoria Bahr – Yahad-In Unum The execution site of more than 1,000 Jews murdered in September 1941 © Victoria Bahr – Yahad-In Unum The monument to more than 1,000 Jewish Holocaust victims © Victoria Bahr – Yahad-In Unum

To access full (non-subtitled) videos of witness testimony for a village, please visit the Registered users area

Execution of Jews in Pavoloch

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Shell holes near the Polish cemetery
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
About 1000

Witness interview

Lidia M., born in 1927, remembers: “ The Jews were subjected to different kinds of humiliation. The SS soldiers made them crawl on the paved road till their knees were bloody. Then, they forced them to climb up the hill where the Polish church was situated. They made them jump in the river from the bridge. In addition, some of them were forced to go into the deepest area of the river towards the dam. I remember when we were kids we used to swim in the river, but only the most courageous of us swam up to the dam because the river was very deep. The Jews were forced to march in the river to the dam. Those among the Jews who could not swim drowned. They were also forced to perform useless work just to exhaust them. For example, they had to move the manure on shovels from one place to another. To make my story short, they treated them badly. At this moment, the Jews understood that staying in the village would be the biggest mistake. Moreover, people warned them that the Jews were about to be shot. But, most of them didn’t believe that.” (Eyewitness N°1725, interviewed in Pavoloch, on June 6, 2013)

Historical note

Pavoloch is located on the banks of the Rastavytsya River, 101 km southwest of Kiev and 84km southeast of Zhytomyr. There were 3,397 Jews in the village in 1897, around 1,000 in 1939. The Jewish population dramatically decreased after the pogroms in 1919. The Jews were engaged in small trade, for example, merchants of lemonade and ice cream. Aside from the merchants, there were many artisans. According to Yahad’s research, many Jews lived off of renting carts to local villagers. There was a synagogue and one Jewish cemetery. The town was occupied by German forces in the middle of July 1941.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

From the historical sources and Yahad’s fieldwork, we know that the mass execution of Jews took place on September 05, 1941, during which between 1.000 to 1.500 Jews were murdered. According to an eyewitness interviewed by Yahad, some of the Jews dressed in nice clothes were forced to take them off. The Jews were shot inside of the pit in groups. Then, the Jews had to go into the grave, to lie face down and received a bullet in the neck by one single shooter who shot them in rows with a sub-machine gun.

Nearby villages

Other links

Do you have additional information regarding a village that you would like to share with Yahad ?

Please contact us at contact@yahadinunum.org
or by calling Yahad – In Unum at +33 (0) 1 53 20 13 17