Peski | Grodno

Ielena S. remembers that local people were requisitioned with their carts to transport the Jews to the transit camp.    © Rousslan Dion - Yahad-In Unum Anna T. recalled that the Germans organised a sale of Jewish belongings.    © Rousslan Dion - Yahad-In Unum Nadejda V. recounted that the synagogues were located in the ghetto territory.      © Rousslan Dion - Yahad-In Unum Nadejda V. on the site where the Jews were burned alive.    © Rousslan Dion - Yahad-In Unum Ambiance    © Rousslan Dion - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Peski

1 Execution site(s)

Investigated by Yahad :
2010
Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Ielena S.: "Germans locked up the elderly Jewish people who weren’t able to walk in the column in a wooden house. They burnt down this house, which was located in the ghetto. We heard the screams." (Witness N°368 interviewed in November 2010)

Soviet archives

"In Peski, the Germans gathered the old people and the children in a building. Then, 35 sick people were brought to the building and the Germans doused the building with gasoline and set it on fire. The powerless civilians suffocated in the smoke, grimaced in pain and burned alive." [Act of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, RG-22.002M/7021-86/43]

Historical note

Peski is a village located 25 kilometers north of the city of Vołkovysk. In 1921, 1249 Jews lived there. In 1939, after the German invasion of Poland, many refugees from western Poland came to Peski. As we know from witnesses interviewed by Yahad In-Unum, many refugees were accommodated by locals.

In July 1942, a ghetto, fenced with barbed wire, was established in the old Jewish neighborhood, near the Jewish cemetery. One of its boundaries ended just before the Zelwianka River.

 

On November 3,  1942, the Germans ordered the Jews in the

Peski ghetto to move to a transit camp located outside of Vołkovysk. According to a witness interviewed by Yahad In-Unum, several hundred carts and inhabitants of the village were requisitioned to transport the Jews. But elderly Jews were gathered in a house before it was set on fire. About 20 Jews from Peski and another 3 Jews from Mosty perished in the blaze, which also destroyed a large part of the ghetto. Jewish belongings were sold after the liquidation.

At the transit camp, the Peski deportees joined the approximately

17500 other Jews from the Volokovysk area, who had also been deported there to facilitate their deportation to extermination camps.  The Jews from Peski were deported on December 2, 1942 to the Treblinka extermination camp.

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