Pyatyhory (Pyatigory, Piatogory, Piatohor) | Kyiv

/ Ganna V., born in 1930: “The Jews were shot in groups by the dozen. They were lined up at the edge of the pit and the shooters fired at their backs with sub machine guns.” ©Victoria Bahr/Yahad-In Unum Maria S., born in 1923: “All the Jews were gathered in the school building where they remained for a couple of days. Then, they were divided into two groups. One group was taken to dig the pits and the other was taken to be shot outside of the village.” © Witness leads Yahad’s team to the execution site of 133 Jews ©Victoria Bahr/Yahad-In Unum Yahad team with the witness at the killing site reconstructing the crime ©Victoria Bahr/Yahad-In Unum Ganna V., born in 1930: “The shooting started early in the morning and lasted until the afternoon. Everything was done quickly. The Jews were taken in groups from the stables, located 15-20m away, and taken to the ravine.”  ©Victoria Bahr/Yahad-In Unum The execution site of 17 Jews ©Victoria Bahr/Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Pyatygory

2 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Field
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1943
Number of victims :
17/133

Witness interview

Maria S., born in 1923, remembers: “Upon the German arrival nothing changed, even for the Jews. They were not marked and continued to live normally in their houses. One month after, all the Jews were confined in the building of the secondary school where they stayed for a while. After, they were divided into two groups. One group was taken to dig the pits in the field. Once the pit was dug, they were shot. I didn’t see the shooting, it was my father who came and told me that the Jews were about to be killed, so I went out in the yard and I heard the shots: “paf-paf”, “paf-par”. I always heard two shots. So, they might have been killed with rifles.” (Witness n°1751, interviewed in Pyatyhory, on June 11, 2013)

Soviet archives

“During the shooting, I had to survey the Jews. Around 175 Jews were shot this day. I didn’t make a list of these people. I saw the shooting because I had to watch the Jews in order to prevent them from escaping. Thus, I could see the shooting.” [Interrogatory of a former policeman, Oleksandr S., made on January 9, 1944; RG 31.018M, n°58515]

Historical note

Pyatygory is located about 140 km southwest of Kyiv. There were 1385 Jews living in the village before the war, but they didn’t predominate and represented only 32% of total population). There was a brick synagogue and a Jewish sauna. The majority of the Jews were craftsmen. The village was occupied by Germans in July 1941.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

The first Aktion was conducted against 17 Jewish men on August 28, 1941. After that, all remaining Jews, including children, women and specialists, were confined within the school building. The women had to perform farm work and Jewish specialists did different jobs upon need. According to the local witness n°1751, all the Jews detained at the school were divided in two group. One was taken to a labor camp and another one was shot. The archives confirmed that on April 26, 1942, the Jews able to work were sent to the camp in Buki, and the remaining 133 Jews were shot in November 1942.

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