Sărmașu (Sarmasel Gara) | Judet Mures

/ Petru M., born in 1930, talk to the Yahad team about the shooting of Jews he witnessed during the war. ©Victoria Bahr/Yahad-In Unum Petru M., born in 1930, recalls, “When the Jews arrived at the execution site, the pits had already been dug.” ©Victoria Bahr/Yahad-In Unum The monument to the Jewish victims murdered by Hungarians in Sarmasu © Victoria Bahr/Yahad-In Unum Entrance to the village of Sarmasu ©Victoria Bahr /Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Sarmasu

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Ravine
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
September 1944
Number of victims :
About 160

Witness interview

Petru M., born in 1930, recalls: “When the Germans and Hungarians from the village got an order to gather all the local Jews, some of the Jews, suspecting something bad was about to happen, fled the village. But there were other Jews living in the nearby villages. As the Germans didn’t know them, they asked a local pharmacist of Hungarian origin and his wife to show them all the Jewish houses (…)” (Eyewitness N°144, interviewed in Sarmasel Gara, on August 30, 2015)

Historical note

Sărmașu is located in the historical region of Transylvania, which used to be under Hungarian rule before WWI, after which it was incorporated into Romania. The commune is composed of five villages: Sărmașu, Fundoaia, Platonești, Runc and Hodoșa. Before the war, in 1930, there were 214 Jews, 3.426 Romanians, 2.034 Hungarians and 204 Gypsies living in the village. The Sărmașu Jews were mainly traders. Their small shops were located in their houses, in special rooms transformed for that purpose. There was one synagogue in Sărmașu. The Jewish and Romanian children went to the same local school, but Jewish children also had a religion class and a Torah in the synagogue.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

The village of Sărmașu was occupied in 1944 by Hungarians and Germans. German and Hungarian soldiers stayed in the village only for 7-8 weeks. Immediately after their arrival, the persecution of the Jews began.  The anti-Jewish action, carried out in mid-September 1944, is known as the Sărmașu massacre. During those days, about 130 Jews from Samrasu and nearby villages were gathered and confined in a house and barn for a couple of days. There were adults and children among them. During the night, the Jews were taken outside of the village and murdered in two pits that had been dug in advance. The Jews were transported in carts conducted by requisitioned locals. The action was conducted by Hungarian soldiers. According to official records, the corpses were exhumed in February 1945 by the commission and reburied at the same place. The commission stated that many victims weren’t shot, but slain with shovels, rifle butts, and bayonets.

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