Slavgorod (Slavgrad, Slawharad) | Mogilev

/ Typical houses in the village of Slavgorod © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad – In Unum Tatiana V., born in 1930, saw the shooting of the Jews of the village. She remembered it took place in an anti-tank trench. The Jews were put into lines at the edge of the trench and were shot © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Maria P., born in 1931 in Slavgorod, remembered the shooting of the Jews took place in fall 1941. She explained there were different shootings in a big anti-tank trench © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad – In Unum Near the location of the grave for the Jewish victims © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad – In Unum

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Execution of the Slavgorod Jews

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Anti-tank trench
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Tatyana K. recalls: “Baptists were shot in a trench, near the river Sozh. They came on foot and there were around 30 families. They came from the neighboring village of Shelomy, located 7km away. One German asked through a translator if they wanted German papers. If the family refused, they were shot. One girl saw her whole family shot and accepted the papers. The Baptists were very calm during the shooting. There were also policemen there on this day. It was in the summer.” (Witness N°659, interviewed in Slavgorod, on June 24, 2013).

Historical note

Slavgorod, called Propoysk during the war, is located 112 km southeast of Mogilev. A Jewish population resided in the village dating back to the 18th century. The Jews were merchants or craftsmen. There was a Jewish kolkhoz called “October” that employed 50 Jews. There was a Yiddish school, which closed in 1938. In January 1939, 1,038 Jews lived in the village. The Germans occupied the village on August 15, 1941.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

According to the historian Martin Dean, the first anti-Jewish measures took place in August upon the arrival of the SK7b. They killed 19 Jews, who were accused of being communists. After that, a ghetto was quickly established in the village. German security forces and policemen liquidated the ghetto in November 1941 during three shootings, according to some sources. The first shooting took place on November 5, 1941 when 40 Jewish men and young people were taken from the ghetto and shot in an anti-tank trench next to the slaughterhouse outside of the village.  According to Yahad’s witness, Maria P. (Witness N°660), the Jews were shot with a bullet in the neck. All of the shootings which took place during the occupation were perpetrated in the same anti-tank trench. On November 14, 1941, women from the ghetto were shot at the same site. According to Soviet reports, 100 Jews were shot at this location. On November 28, 1941, 50 children were loaded into trucks and taken near a lake. They were drowned there. In Slavgorod, there were two memorials: one for the victims of a shooting in November 1941 and another for the victims of a shooting perpetrated in 1942.

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