Sloboda (Minsk) | Minsk

/ Typical Slavic stove in the local house, Sloboda  © Jethro Massey - Yahad-In Unum Lidia B. recounts that the Jews had to undress before the shooting    © Jethro Massey  - Yahad-In Unum Lidia B., born in 1927: "The Jews were shot in little groups. They were lined up around the pit ans shot in the back." © Jethro Massey - Yahad-In Unum Yahad team during a witness interview      © Jethro Massey  - Yahad-In Unum Lidia L., born in 1926, accompanied by two translators leads Yahad team to the execution site of Jews  © Jethro Massey - Yahad-In Unum Lidia L. indicates the place  where she witnessed the shooting of the Jews    © Jethro Massey  - Yahad-In Unum Yahad team with the witness near the memorial to the Jewish victims  © Jethro Massey - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of the Slutsk Jews in Sloboda

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Silo pit on the sovkhoz territory
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Lidia B., born in 1927, remembers : “I could see the shooting of the Jews from my house. The Jews were killed in silo-pits situated on the territory of the collective farm. Several young Jews tried to escape. They ran through the village. The Germans shot them with incendiary bullets; some of them fell on the thatched roof of my house, which immediately burned.” (Eyewitness N°762, interviewed in Sloboda, on May 21, 2014)

Historical note

Sloboda is a very small village close to the city of Slutsk, a city located 105 km south of Minsk. The village was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Before the Germans’ arrival in Slutsk, only a few Jews managed to escape. There was no mass evacuation.

In July 1941, the first ghetto was created in former military barracks. According to a Jewish survivor interviewed by Yahad, the inmates only received 250 grams of bread per person, per day. Many Jews had to work in the different factories of the city. On October 27, 1941, this ghetto was liquidated by units of German Reserve Police Battalion 11, helped by Lithuanian auxiliaries. The Jews were killed in pits that had been dug by the Jews themselves near the village of Ivan, west of Slutsk. It is estimated that between 3,000 and 4,000 Jews were killed that day. Among them, many were skilled workers. Thanks to a local investigation and local testimonies collected by Yahad, it is clear that the monument is not situated exactly on the site of the mass grave.

After this aktion, a second ghetto, fenced in by barbed wire, was opened in a quarter of the city center. It was a large ghetto with about 500 houses. It was liquidated gradually. The last main aktion took place on February 1943, organized by units of the Sipo-SD who were helped by Latvian volunteers. The Jews were killed in silo-pits near the small village of Sloboda, east of Slutsk. During the liquidation, many Jews tried to escape or hide, which led the Germans to set the ghetto on fire. The bodies of the Jews killed within the ghetto were buried in a mass grave situated at the edge of the city. In total, approximately 10,000 Jews from Slutsk were killed.

For more infomation about the execution in Slutsk, please check the corresponding profile.

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