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3 Execution site(s)
Irena M. evokes: "I brought some fish to the prisoners in the ghetto, because I knew many children inside the ghetto. But, a German saw what I intended to do, and so I was beaten." (Witness N°323, interviewed in Slonim, on July 2010)
"In Petralevichevskaya Gora [Petralevichi Hill] which lies about 1km away from Slonim, around 10,102 inhabitants of Slonim were shot and buried." [Act of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, RG-22.002M/7021-86]
"There were still about 200 of uswho had to stand at the edge of a pit. Luckily, I was in the front row and the other ones were behind me. H. explained that we had to kneel down after he made a sign with his hand. This is how it happened. We were told to sing the ‘Communist Internationale’ in Hebrew and in Yiddish. The police officers and the Lithuanians were 25m behind us, they were drinking and shouting."
[Deposition of Jewish survivor, B162-3410]
Slonim is a city located 190 kilometers southwest of Minsk. Beforethe German invasion in June 1941, there were probably around 20,000 Jews residing in Slonim. Part of them were refugees from western Poland. The city was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944. Today, the nice former synagogue waits for repair.
The first action against Jews in Slonim took place on July 17, 1941, conducted by Einsatzgruppen forces. About 1,200 men were transported out of town into trucks, and shot in the sandpits at Petralevitchi Hill. In September 1941, a ghetto fenced in with barbed-wire was established, composed of four separate parts, as follows: the ghetto on Zhabinka Street, the ghetto on Ulinska Street, the third ghetto on Mikolovska Street, and the fourth ghetto on Podgorna Street. On November 14, 1941, a new aktion took place, under the supervision of the German Security Police, assisted by the Wehrmacht, Latvian and Lithuanian police auxiliaries, and the Belarusian police. According to the testimonies collected by Yahad In-Unum, the Jews were told that they would be resettled somewhere else. The elderly, children, and women were driven to Chepelevskiy fields, to pits prepared in advance by other Jews, and killed. The 7,000 Jews remaining were all forced to work. By the end of 1942, most of the 400 male Jewish workers deported earlier in a labor camp in Mogilev were also killed. At the end of June 1942, and beginning of July, most of the remaining Jews were killed in Slonim, although actions of resistance within the ghetto were organized in cooperation with Partisans outside. About 500 Jews, mostly specialists, were also shot at the end of 1942.
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