Stróżowka (Gorlice) | Lesser Poland

/ View at the town of Strozowka ©Victoria Bahr - Yahad-In Unum Jewish cemetery in Strozowka ©Victoria Bahr - Yahad-In Unum Wladyslawa Z., born in 1928, saw the trucks full of Jews coming from Gorlice to the execution site ©Victoria Bahr - Yahad-In Unum Wladyslawa Z. recalls: “There were covered trucks. The Germans hit the back of the trucks with batons to hurt people through the canvas cover.” ©Victoria Bahr - Yahad-In Unum A member of our research team on the execution site ©Victoria Bahr - Yahad-In Unum Execution site in Strozowka where about 700 Jews from Bobowa and Gorlice were shot ©Victoria Bahr - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews from Gorlice and Bobowa in Stróżowka

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Jewish cemetery in Strozowka forest
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1939-1944
Number of victims :
700

Witness interview

Wladyslawa Z., born in 1928, evokes: “When the trucks arrived at the pit, they made the Jews get out gradually, two or three persons at a time. If someone was injured, they hit him or killed him on the road and they dragged his body to the pit. It’s indescribable. I try to tell you this as if it was a fairytale but even today I get very emotional when I talk about it. (…)” (Eyewitness N°196, interviewed in Stróżowka, on September 02, 2013)

Historical note

Before World War II, Strozowka was a small village with about 300 houses. There were Poles and Jews living in Strozowka. The Jews were mainly traders and shop owners, but some of them were farmers. Polish and Jewish children went to school altogether. There was no synagogue in the village. The nearest synagogue was 2-3km farther, in Gorlice, the seat of gmina Gorlice. The Jews from Gorlice sold mainly wine, cereals and tobacco. They also had sawmills. During the second half of the 19th century the number of Jews in Gorlice gmina increased considerably. It was the result of the dynamic development and industrialization of the region.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

At the beginning of 1940, the Nazis created a ghetto in Bobowa. In October 1941, the ghetto was established in the nearby town, Gorlice. Jews from Gorlice and neighboring villages were all gathered there. Deportations to the death camp, Bełżec, and mass executions started in the spring of 1942. On August 14, 1942, several trucks filled with Jews arrived in Strozowka from the Gorlice and Bobowa ghettos. All these Jews, about 700 old and sick people, were shot on the so-called presbytery square and in the Garbacz forest near Stróżówka. According to Wladyslawa Z., born in 1928, the Germans were waiting near the cemetery for all the trucks to arrive. The Jews from Gorlice were already shortlisted. The selection of others took place near the road. Elderly people were put aside. Young people were still useful.  The Jews were led to the pit by young Polish men from Baudienst whom the Nazis forced to drink alcohol and help them during the execution process.

Nearby villages

  • Biecz
  • Kleczew

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