Symoniv | Rivne

/ Interviewer and Translator in the ground with the witness © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad – In Unum Luka D. was requisitioned to dig the grave. It was 50 meters long, 15 meters large  © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad- In Unum

Execution of the Gotcha’s Jews in Symoniv

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Memorials :
Period of occupation:

Witness interview

Zoya Markovna J. evokes: "The Jews of Gochtcha were shot not far from here, at the edge of the forest, where a large pit had been dug. They were brought there. We lived not far from the road on which the column was brought. There were small children. I can still see the image of this column. The Jews all walked on foot. There were no wagons. They were guarded by Germans on foot who were on both sides of the column and behind. The Jews walked calmly, they did not try to run away. People wondered why people did not try to escape, because it was easy to do it. At worst, they would have been shot on the spot." (Witness N°1434, interviewed in Symoniv on April 14, 2012).

Historical note

According to Zoya J. (Witness N°1434 interviewed in Symoniv on April 13, 2012), there were only few Jews in Symoniv. The children went to the school of Gochtcha where there were a lot of Jews. In Symoniv, the main population was Ukrainian and Polish.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

According to Luka D. (Witness n°1432, interviewed in Symoniv on April 13, 2012) the Jews of Gotcha were executed in Symoniv in a forest. He remembered that some inhabitants had been requisitioned in order to dig graves. One deyiatnik (person responsible for one street) came the day before the shooting in order to ask them to dig these graves. The desyatnik gathered the inhabitants on the following day in order to do this task. Luka D. was also requisitioned by a German in order to dig the grave. It took a full week to realize that work. According  to the testimony of Zoja J. (Witness N°1434 interviewed in Symoniv on April 13, 2012) who saw the shooting, there were perhaps between 300 and 400 Jews - the majority was Jews of Gochtcha – who ran to the execution site in column. The two Jewish families of Symoniv were killed on the market’s place.

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