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1 Execution site(s)
Valentina G., born in 1921, responds to the questions below:
“YIU: What happened to the Jews of the village?
W: They were gathered in two schools. Then, during the night, they were taken to the site where the pits had been dug in advance.
YIU: How were they brought to the site at night? Were there lights?
W: The column was brought on foot, escorted by guards with dogs. The Jews cried and screamed. One old man tried to comfort them, saying that it was their destiny. Once there, they were shot and the pit was covered. The ground was moving for three days after that.
YIU: How long did the execution last?
W: One night.
YIU: Did the Germans requisition local villagers to dig the pit?
W: No, the police did.” (Witness N°249, interviewed in Troyaniv, on October 15, 2005).
Troyaniv is located 32 km southwest of Zhytomyr. There is no information about the number of Jews living in the village before the war. According to the witnesses, the Jews were numerous and composed almost the half of the local population. They lived off of small trade and craftsmanship. The German forces occupied the town in the middle of July 1941. By that time, some Jews, mostly those who had money, managed to evacuate, while the men were enrolled in the Soviet army.
According to Yahad’s investigation, there were a couple of executions of Jews conducted by Germans and local police. One execution was conducted during the day and another one during the night. From Valentina’s account (Witness N°249), we found out that before being shot, the Jews were gathered in two schools in the village center. Before being killed, all of their valuables were taken from them.
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