Tyszowce (Tishevitz, Tishovts) | Lublin

/ Feliks P., born in 1927 © Rita Villanueva - Yahad-In Unum Jan K., born in 1926 © Rita Villanueva - Yahad-In Unum © Rita Villanueva - Yahad-In Unum The research team with the witness on the ground © Rita Villanueva - Yahad-In Unum The killing site of Jews murdered during the ghetto liquidation (Site N°1)  © Rita Villanueva - Yahad-In Unum Kalikst B. pointing the place of the mass grave where 63 Jews were killed (Killing site N°3) © Rita Villanueva - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Tyszowce

3 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Forest
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1939-1944

Witness interview

Kalikst B. recalls: "Jews were forced to wear armbands with the Star of David. The Germans gave an order to all Jews to move to the ghetto. And the Jewish family living with us went there on their own.
YIU: How was this order diffused? Were there signs in the town?
Kalikst B.: Maybe, there were some notices in the town, but I don’t really remember. Jews received the orders. There was the Jewish council Judenrat. There was also the Jewish police. They had to go to the Commissariat where they were given instructions. When there was some work to do, the Jewish police came to requisition Jews for work." (Eyewitness N°143, interviewed in Tyszowce, on August 17, 2012)

German archives

In January or February, Captain Busse confided to me that the Jews from the region would be transferred. And this would be carried out by SS units. I was not aware of the place where the Jews were going to be transferred. We used them as they were talented artisans in the region. I went to the railway station and spoke to the guardians. I managed to take with me 11 Jews for use as labor. I think Captain Busse also managed to save some Jews. [Deposition of Rheinhold K., born in 1895, employed as an agriculture engineer during the war in the Lubin district, spokesman of German captain in charge of Tyszowice and Laszczow; B162-1627]

Polish Archives

1.Date and place of execution: between November 16, 1942 and end of 1943; 2.Type of execution/mass shooting, hanging, others (i.e. shot); 3.Data about the victims (Poles, Jews, foreigners): Jews Number of victims: approximately 1,000 Origin of victims: local and people from nearby villages 4.Who carried out the execution? Gendarmes, Gestapo, SS units, police, Wehrmacht? Gendarmes, Gestapo, SS units; [Deposition of Bronislawa B., a local inhabitant, made on October 11, 1945; GK 163/18]

Historical note

Tyszowce is located 125 kilometers (78 miles) southwest of Lublin. For the 1939, there were 3,311 Jews living in the town. On the outbreak of World War II, there were about 3,800 Jews in Tyszowce. In September 1939 the Red Army entered the town but withdrew after a short time. About 60% of the city was destroyed during the bombing.The German army occupied the town at the beginning of October 1939.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

About 1,000 Jews left the town for the East with the withdrawing Red Army. In May 1942 about 1,000 Jews were deported to the Belzec death camp. A force labor camp wth about 600 prisoners of different origines including Jews, was created in fall 1940 and liquidated in fall 1941. A ghetto was established for Jews from Lublin. In April, 1942 there were 2,050 inhabitants. The ghetto was liquidated in late fall 1942. The anti-Jewish measures were carried out by German gendarmes, Security Police and SS Ukrainian auxiliaries. According to some sources, between June 1942 and the end of 1943 1,000 Jews from Tyszowce and nearby villages were murdered.

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