Ushachi | Vitebsk

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Execution of Jews in Ushachi

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Cemetery
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Guenadi C. : "In winter, the Jews were being undressed and shot at the edge of the pit, in rows of 4 to 5 people. They fell into the pit. I saw the beginning of the shooting, but after the first shots, I ran away." (Witness N°525 interviewed in June, 2011)

Soviet archives

"The executioners gathered the whole Jewish population in a camp located in October street in the city of Ushatchi, the camp was surrounded by a double range of barbed wire, and the entrance closed." [Act of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, RG-22.002M/7021-92/220]

Historical note

Ushachi is a small city located 101 kilometers  west of Vitebsk. In 1939, 487 Jews lived in the town, making up 23.8 % of the total population. The city was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

A ghetto fenced with barbed wire was established in Ushachi in October 1941 on Oktiabr’skaia Street. In January 1942, the Nazis resettled Jews from nearby Usaia, 29 kilometers east of Ushachi, and from the Kublichi ghetto 18 kilometers to the west. The Ushachi Jews in the ghetto were murdered on January 12, 1942 in pits dug in advance by local residents near the orthodox cemetery.  Before the liquidation, some Jews managed to set fire to the ghetto and to escape. Some days later, the Jews of Kublichi were killed at the same pits where Ushachi Jews were killed.

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