Uzda | Minsk

/ Aseya K. is Tatar and she remembers how her Jewish neighbours were packed in lorries    © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Yelena L. remembers that her family did hide a Jew who then joined the partisans © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Zakhar I. remembers that the ghetto was opened but guarded    © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Uzda Jews mass shooting place.    © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Uzda

2 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Unknown
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
1700

Witness interview

Aseya K. remembers : " The Germans arrived by motorcycles. There weren’t bombardments here. They established a local administration and a local police. There were a lot of war prisoners nearby the village. At the beginning of the occupation, the Jews continued to live as usual. After a while, they were gathered in a place on the center". (Witness N°436, interviewed in April 2011)

Soviet archives

"The mass shooting of the Jews began on October 16, 1941. In two days, 300 families were shot. The Jews were naked and had to walk to the edge of the grave. Policemen then shot them." [ Act of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, RG22.022M/7021-87/15]

Historical note

Uzda is a small city located about 60 kilometers southwest of Minsk. In 1939, the percentage of Jews in the local population stood at 33 % (1,143 Jews). The city was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

At the end of July 1941, an open ghetto was set up. The ghetto was established on two streets: Leninskaya and Proletarskaya. Jews were also brought into the Uzda ghetto from the nearby villages of Losha and Mogilno. On October 16, a first action took place against the Jews, at the edge of the forest in the direction of Zabolotye, 1.5 kilometers from town, in pits dug in advance. On October 17, the Germans hunted down and killed Jews trying to hide in their makeshift shelters. No fewer than 1,200 people were killed in the course of two days. 7 of the best Jewish craftsmen and their families were spared from the mass shooting, as they were required to work for the Germans. They were placed in a smaller ghetto in the town and may have been joined by other Jewish survivors after the first Aktion. The second Aktion took place in May 1942, when Roma, remaining Jewish specialists and their families (as well as possibly Soviet POWs) were killed at the Jewish cemetery. In all, 410 people were killed during that Aktion.

 

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