1 Execution site(s)
Anna T. recalls: "It was in the summer. Nobody knew anything! We were just told that prisoners of war had been brought here and that they were digging something in a sandpit. But nobody knew what it was. One day, it was in the middle of the summer, we heard the shooting! The houses in the center of the ghetto were on fire! The Jews took all their best things from the houses to the center of the ghetto and set them on fire! Then we understood that something was going to happen." (Witness N°1398, interviewed in Varkovychi, on April 3, 2012).
"One day, I was among the ones led to the pit and saw how the shootings took place. I managed to run away and I hid. I did not see how my daughter was shot. But I know that they were all shot like that at that time. My mother, my sister Fäge, and many cousins were among them. We were a big family. They were all killed." (Deposition of Grünstein, Jewish survivor, made in Ramat Gan, on June 17, 1965, B162-5211).
According to some witnesses, there were a lot of Jews living in the village before the war so as several Polish families. The children went at the same school.
At the arrival of the Soviets in 1939, a kolkhoz was created. During the German occupation another starost was elected. The Jews were gathered in a ghetto. They were forced to erect barbed-wires. According to Anna T. (Witness N°1398, interviewed in Varkovychi, on April 3, 2012), the Jews weren’t forced to work. She remembered that war’s prisoners had to dig a grave in the sand pit. The shooting lasted 3 days long and was perpetrated by the German forces. According to Sergueï T. (Witness n°1399 interviewed in Varkovychi on April 3, 2012), the Jews arrived by trucks and there were men, women and children. He saw how the trucks entered into the ghetto and how the Jews had to get into these trucks. Oleksandra A. (Witness n°1397 interviewed in Varkovychi on April 3, 2012), the grave was round. She heard bursts and a lot of Jews were shot inside. The remaining Jews who had tried to hide in the ghetto, were executed in the place by the Germans
Do you have additional information regarding a village that you would like to share with Yahad ?
Please contact us at email@example.com
or by calling Yahad – In Unum at +33 (0) 1 53 20 13 17