Varkovychi | Rivne

/ Nice landscape of the Rivne region © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad – In Unum Ganna O. saw how Jewish men dag a grave during two days. She saw Ukrainians filled the grave  © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad – In Unum

Execution of Jews in Varkovychi

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Sand pit
Memorials :
Period of occupation:

Witness interview

Anna T. recalls: "It was in the summer. Nobody knew anything! We were just told that prisoners of war had been brought here and that they were digging something in a sandpit. But nobody knew what it was. One day, it was in the middle of the summer, we heard the shooting! The houses in the center of the ghetto were on fire! The Jews took all their best things from the houses to the center of the ghetto and set them on fire! Then we understood that something was going to happen." (Witness N°1398, interviewed in Varkovychi, on April 3, 2012).

German archives

"One day, I was among the ones led to the pit and saw how the shootings took place. I managed to run away and I hid. I did not see how my daughter was shot. But I know that they were all shot like that at that time. My mother, my sister Fäge, and many cousins were among them. We were a big family. They were all killed." (Deposition of Grünstein, Jewish survivor, made in Ramat Gan, on June 17, 1965, B162-5211).

Historical note

According to some witnesses, there were a lot of Jews living in the village before the war so as several Polish families. The children went at the same school.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

At the arrival of the Soviets in 1939, a kolkhoz was created. During the German occupation another starost was elected. The Jews were gathered in a ghetto. They were forced to erect barbed-wires. According to Anna T. (Witness N°1398, interviewed in Varkovychi, on April 3, 2012), the Jews weren’t forced to work. She remembered that war’s prisoners had  to dig a grave in the sand pit. The shooting lasted 3 days long and was perpetrated by the German forces. According to Sergueï T. (Witness n°1399 interviewed in Varkovychi on April 3, 2012), the Jews arrived by trucks and there were men, women and children. He saw how the trucks entered into the ghetto and how the Jews had to get into these trucks. Oleksandra A. (Witness n°1397 interviewed in Varkovychi on April 3, 2012), the grave was round. She heard bursts and a lot of Jews were shot inside. The remaining Jews who had tried to hide in the ghetto, were executed in the place by the Germans


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