Warzyce | Subcarpathian Voivodeship

/ Jan is explaining where the mass graves are located.   © Victoria Bahr-Yahad-In Unum Jan T., born in 1927 recalls: « The prisoners enlarged the first pit. They also dug two other pits, one next to another (…)”© Victoria Bahr-Yahad-In Unum The research team interviewing the witness on the execution site © Victoria Bahr-Yahad-In Unum Jan T., showing another mass shooting place of Jewish victims © Victoria Bahr-Yahad-In Unum Stanislaw P., born in 1922, was requisitioned as a Baudienst laborer to cover the pits after the executions in Warzyce forest  © Freddy Murphy-Yahad-In Unum Stanislaw P., born in 1922, was requisitioned as a Baudienst laborer to cover the pits after the executions in Warzyce forest  © Freddy Murphy-Yahad-In Unum

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Execution of Jews in Warzyce

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Forest
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1939-1944

Witness interview

Jan T., born in 1927, recalls: ”The Nazis shot around 3.000 people there. How did they do it? There were five shooters (…) The same day, they came to my grandparent’s house. It was in the evening, right before the sunset. It was hot outside. The sleeves of their shirts were rolled up, they were joyful: they were laughing and chatting like if they have just had a very successful hunting. They came to our house and asked for water in German: “Wasser, wasser”. They didn’t speak Polish. They wanted to wash their hands. They took off the long gloves they were wearing and they washed their hands with soap. They were laughing all the time. Once they finished, they left."(Eyewitness N°206, interviewed in Warzyce, on September 05, 2013)

Polish Archives

1. Date and place of execution: from 1940 till the autumn of 1944 in Warzyce;
2. Type of execution (shooting, hanging or other): shooting;
3. Personal data of the executed victims (Polish, Jews, other nationalities):Poles and Jews from prison in Jaslo, Frysztak, from the camp in Szebnie, from the ghetto in Jaslo and Iwonicz ; The victims were accused of the politic crimes; Jews were shot because of their Jewish origin; two trucks full of handicapped children came from Iwonicz and these children were also shot; the victims were shot by the German policemen and buried in several mass graves of different dimensions in the Warzyce forest; in each mass grave there were from a few dozens to a few hundreds of victims; there was no exhumation; [p.301-300, Warzyce village, Jaslo County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship]

Historical note

Warzyce is a village in a Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-easter Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometers from a county town of the region, Jaslo, where was concentrated a large part of a Jewish community of the whole county.  In 1938, there were 2636 Jews living in Jaslo. The majority of the Jews in Jaslo were traders or artisans: tailors, shoemakers and hairdressers.  There were some doctors and lawyers too. In 1942, the Nazis created a ghetto in Jaslo where Jews from Jaslo, Frysztak, Kolaczyce etc. were gathered together. A major part of them was shot by Nazis in the Warzyce forest in the summer of 1942.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

During World War II, the Warzyce forest became a place of martyrdom of about 5 thousands Poles, Jews and Russians who were murdered there by the Nazis in many mass executions. The majority of Jewish victims were Jews from ghettos in Frysztak, Jaslo , Tarnow, Nowy Zmigrod and Korczyn. One of the biggest mass shootings took place on the 3rd of August, 1942. That day, the Nazis shot in that forest about 690 Jews who were next buried in huge pits. According to Jan T., the eyewitness of one of these executions, the victims were brought to the execution site with trucks. The trucks were full of women and children who, once in the forest, had to get undressed and leave their clothes on a pile, right beside the truck. Next, they had to walk naked through the narrow path straight to the pits where they were shot by five Nazi shooters and buried. When the Nazis left, Polish men arrived and put some lime all over the execution site.  After the war, the place of martyrdom became a cemetery with 32 mass graves.

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