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1 Execution site(s)
Vasylyna I. explains : « The Hungarian gendarmes took them here and the Germans took them to the ravine. In the column, there were 30 people in rows of 5. The column was walking up the hill followed by the truck. We wondered why they didn’t resist. They were much more numerous than five Germans, they didn’t try to escape. The Germans shot them dead if they could not move forward. We watched all this as they passed by the road. While passing by the meadow, the Jews started to throw their belongings away. Someone threw an umbrella in our yard and my father picked it up. Although it was not very good to pick up those things, but people did it because we had nothing at that time.” (Eyewitness N°1853, interviewed in Yablunytsya, on September 8, 2013.)
“The principal function of the police’s 133rd battalion in Galicia was the retention of the occupied territories and security. We mostly had to work at the Yablunytsya – Pass. Our battalion was also used during actions against the Jews. In this case, we had to obey the SD. I don’t know if members of the second company volunteered to participate in the mass killings. I never participated and I never saw one of these actions.” [Deposition of Johann B., taken in Nuremberg, April 19, 1961, B 162-4989].
Yablunytsya is located about 90km southwest from Ivano-Frankivsk. Before the war, many Jews lived there. According to Vasylyna I. (Eyewitness n°1853), interviewed by Yahad, the Yablunytsya Jews were religious and had a synagogue.
According to the eyewitness Vasylyna I. (Eyewitness n°1853), born in 1930, the Yablunytsya Jews were not shot in the village but taken away during the night in 1941 or 1942. During the occupation in Yablunytsya, there was a border pass to Hungary which was guarded by a special German sub-branch of security police settled in Tatariv (Aussenstelle). Many Hungarian Jews were transported to and shot in Yablunytsya. Vasylyna I. witnessed three mass executions of Hungarian Jews which took place at different times. During the first shooting, 30 Jews were killed. It is difficult to establish the number of executed Jews during two other Aktions because of the large number of victims.
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