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2 Execution site(s)
Maria G. recalls: "The carriages came and left, but why they came, nobody knows. And when they [the Germans] took the Jews, they didn’t take ours [the Ukrainians], that’s why nobody knew anything. The Germans said: “Weg! Weg!, no discussion was possible." (Witness N°741, interviewed in Yavoriv, in January 9, 2008).
«During the shootings, the Jews were put in rows of 10-15 persons on the edge of the graves and were shot with machine-guns. After the shootings, they were covered up with earth ». [Deposition of Gruschko, policeman, made in September 1944, RG22.002M/7021-67/135].
Yavoriv is located 57 km from Lviv. The Jews of the village were merchants or artisans. There was a synagogue. The Germans arrived in June 26, 1941.
As written in the archives of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission, a Jewish ghetto was established in fall 1942. Before the creation of the ghetto, 1,200 Jews were deported to Belzec. Maria G. (Witness N°741, interviewed in Yavoriv, in January 10, 2008) saw a Jewish column going to the train station. As 200 Jews resisted and tried to escape , they were shot on the spot and buried later in the cemetery. Grygori M. (Witness N°742, interviewed in Yavoriv, in January 10, 2008) saw a Jewish column walking to a hill called “Lisaya Gora”. There was a big grave of 40-50 meters wide. The Jews had to get undressed and were shot at this site. According to the Soviet Extraordinary Commission, in April 16, 1943, the Jews of the ghetto were taken to the forest. 4,400 Jews were shot in four graves.
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