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1 Execution site(s)
Semen K., born in 1929, explains: “The Germans passed from house to house to chase the Jews. Once the Jews were out, they closed the house and put a seal on it. But I didn’t see who put those seals on the doors and how they did it. I had already seen the houses with a paper and a German seal on the door. Once, passing by the road, I saw the Jews being chased out by Germans. They rounded them up in trucks. Some were taken to Ivano-Frankivsk and shot there.” (Witness n°1867, interviewed in Yezupil, on September 11, 2013)
Yezupil, first written about in 1435, is located about 15km northeast of Ivano-Frankivsk. Referred to as a historic part of Pokuttia in Galicia, the town was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Poland and became a part of Soviet Union in September 1939. In the course of its history, the town changed names trice: first called Yesupol, it was renamed Zhovten in the Soviet period and renamed Yezupol some years after. The Jewish community was rather important as there was a Jewish Kahal and Jewish cemetery. When WWII broke out, Hungarian forces occupied the territory beginning in early July 1941.
According to the witnesses interviewed by Yahad-In Unum, the Yezupil Jews were deported and later exterminated. Nevertheless, thanks to Mykhaylyna S. (Witness n°1866), an eyewitness of the isolated shooting, Yahad-In Unum found out that a group of 5-6 Jews were shot at the Jewish cemetery. The shooting was conducted by two or three Germans.
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