Borovukha I | Vitebsk

Lev A., Belorusian inhabitant of Borovukha I. He saw how the Jews from the village were killed © Guillaume Ribot - Yahad-In Unum The execution site of the Jews in Borovukha I © Guillaume Ribot - Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Borovukha I

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Antitank ditch
Memorials :
Period of occupation:
Number of victims :
Around 116

Witness interview

Lev G. evokes: "Jews were taken out of their houses by the Germans and had to lie down in front of them. They were separated: the youth on one side (they were exploited for one month and then killed), others, on the other side, were executed the same day in the antitank ditch." (Witnesses N°20, interviewed in Borovukha I, on March 24, 2008)

Soviet archives

"After the beginning of the occupation, a German commando arrested the Jewish families from Borovukha I and from the nearby villages. They came into the Jewish houses; they brought all the Jews to military barracks. The next day the Germans took all the men and women (without the children) and brought them to an antitank ditch, in the north of Borovukha I. They were shot there. In total, this time, around 116 people were shot." [Deposition of Testimony of Ilya N., Belarusian inhabitant of Borovukha (made on arch 10, 1945); RG-22.002M/7021-92/220]

Historical note

About 6,400 Jews lived in Polotsk in 1939, and around 620 near the military settlement in Borovukha I. This village is located 15km northwest of Polotsk. Borovukha is divided in two parts: Borovukha I and Borovukha II.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

As the German came, the Jews from Borovukha I were forced to wear a white star on their clothes. Then, they were all gathered in military barracks in October 1941. The first shooting took place two days later: 50 Jews were killed in an antitank ditch. The liquidation of this kind of ghetto was conducted by a punitive squad on January 13, 1942: 65 Jews, including 40 children, were shot in a former tank training ground.  There was also a Dulag (concentration camp of prisoners of war) in Borovukha I.

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