Bilohirsk (Bilogorsk, Belogorsk, Karasubazar) | Crimea

/ View of the former Krymchak quarter . © Aleksey Kasyanov  /Yahad-In Unum Nina L., a Jewish survivor, born in 1939: “The victims were shot in the back. I lost consciousness and felt inside the pit. I woke up at night  and tried to get out. Once out, I went to the nearest village.” © Guillaume Ribot /Yahad – In Unum Maria T., born in 1926: First, all the the Jews were ordered to wear six-pointed stars. Soon after, they were executed. The Krymchaks were still living. They tried to prove they weren’t Jewish. In early January, they were all shot.”  ©Aleksey Kasyanov/YIU Yahad-In Unum team talking with a witness during the field research  in Bilogorsk.  © Aleksey Kasyanov  /Yahad-In Unum Execution site of 76 Ashkenazi Jews and Soviet marines who had dug the pit, murdered on December 10, 1941. Execution site n°1.  © Guillaume Ribot/Yahad – In Unum The memorial to the 468 Jewish (Krymchak) victims of 17 and 18 January, 1942 killed in gas vans. It is located 1 kilometer south of the outskirts of Bilohirsk, former Karasubazar. Execution site n°2. © Guillaume Ribot/ Yahad – In Unum Location of the execution site of the Jewish victims © Guillaume Ribot/Yahad – In Unum Yahad’s team on the execution site© Guillaume Ribot/Yahad – In Unum

Execution of Jews in Bilohirsk

2 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Anti-tank trench
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Nina R. explains: "One of my neighbors wrote a denunciation letter, accusing my grandparents of hiding a child. I was dressed in only a blouse and I was taken on a truck to the execution site. The Germans and policemen shot some people. I remember I was above the ravine, the sun was shining. They were rushing to execute us because it was already the year 1944." (Witness N°103, interviewed in Bilohirsk on December 24, 2004).

Soviet archives

"In December 1941, the German authorities gave the head of the Jews the order that all Jews had to report to the town council with their things to be sent to work. All these Jews were taken to Sadovaya Street and their things were loaded onto a truck in the SD’s building. […] All of the Jews were shot and buried in the anti-tank trench." [Act drown up by the Extraordinary Soviet Commission, on May 1945; RG-22.002M/7021-9/80].

Historical note

Bilohirsk is located 45 km from Simferopol. A Jewish (Krymchak) community existed since the 14th century. Before the war, there were 2 synagogues in the village, an Askhenazi one and a Krymchak one. The majority of Jews were merchants or artisans.  Upon the arrival of the Germans on November 1, 1941, 62 Askhenazi Jews and 468 Krymchaks were registred by the Germans. 250 Jews mamaged to escape before the occupation.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

The first anti-Jewish measure began on December 10, 1941 when 76 Jews were executed by the Germans in an anti-tank trench near the hatchery. According to Yahad’s witness, Nina B. (N°266), these Jews were shot on December 11, 1941 in an anti-tank trench called “Kilometer 10” over 3 days. On January 17-18, 1942, 468 Krymchaks from the village and surrounding settlements were killed in a gas van and buried outside the village. The remaining Jews were executed later because they were artisans and worked for the Germans.

Jewishgen

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