Czachulec Nowy (Kowalie Panskie) | Greater Poland

/ Street of the former ghetto in Turek. © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Former synagogue in Turek. © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Photography of prewar buildings in Turek. © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Zofia K., born in 1931 lived not far from the ghetto. She explained how horrible the living conditions of Jews were. © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Mieczyslaw L., born in 1928 explained that 10 Jews were hung, because they apparently didn’t want to work. © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum The site where ten Jews were hung. © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Church where 1,100 Jews were confined without getting any water or food. © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Jewish cemetery in Dobra. © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Former location of the synagogue in Dobra. Today this site is transformed into memorial place. © Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Czachulec Nowy

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Hill in the woods
Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1939-1944
Number of victims :
10

Witness interview

Stanislaw R., born in 1930: “Jews went to the ghetto because they had to. The Jews were rounded-up by Germans who came to their houses. The Jews took only the most necessary belongings and they had to leave nearly everything in their home and were rounded-up as a herd. They were marched by the town by Germans in the direction of the ghetto. I know many Poles helped Jews in the ghetto. While being confined in the ghetto, the Jews were not allowed to leave its territory. Sometimes, they gave us, through the barbed wire, some money in order to buy a duck, chicken, or eggs for them [to] bring it back to the ghetto. Many Poles helped them, I remember that.” (Witness n°155, interviewed in Turek on November 16th, 2012).

Polish Archives

“1/ Date and place of execution: 17/06/1942.

2/ Type of execution: Hanging. 

3/ Data concerning the murdered people:

Poles, Jews, foreigners: Jews.

Number of murdered people: 10.

Where are the victims from: Local ghetto.

Name, age, profession, address:

  1. Podchlebnik zm Dobrej pow Turek
  2. Trzaskala

The eight other names are unknown.

4/ What were the victims accused of? They apparently didn’t want to work. “[Questionnaire on mass execution and mass grave, n°672. (Miejscowoscz : Cegielnia Dizerzbocka, Gmina : Kowale Panskie, Powiat : Turek, Wojewodztwo : Poznanskie); RG.15-009M]

Historical note

Czachulec Nowy is located 141km south east of Poznan. Until 1939 few Jewish families lived here. However, the Jewish communities of the area were rather significant since many of the villages had a synagogue and a Jewish cemetery. The majority of Jews were involved in small scale trade and handcraft. 

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Nazis occupied the villages from September 1939. The persecution of the Jewish population started straight after. Small ghettos gathering about 4,000 Jews. These small ghettos were created in each village before they all were reunited in one huge ghetto built around Czachulec Nowy in the fall of 1941. Jews who lived in the ghetto of Czachulec Nowy came from the nearby villages: Brudzew, Dobra (1,500 Jews), Tuliszkow (230 Jews), Turek (2,000 Jews), Uniejow (1,400 Jews) and Wladyslawow (280 Jews).

 The newly created ghetto was fenced in with wooden planks and barbed wire. It was guarded by gendarmes and Jewish police. Many Jewish inmates were selected for forced labor in Kolo and Opatowek or Poznan. Those who refused to go to work were punished or even killed. Thus, on June 17, 1942, ten Jews were hung publicly after allegedly having refused to go for forced labor.  The first mass aktion (action) was conducted on December 8th 1941. During this aktion, the Jews were gathered at the main square.  1,100 of them were confined into the church of Dobra without getting any water or food, while others were taken to Chelmno in the gas vans.  The final  liquidation of the ghetto took place  in July 1942.  On that day, about 1,660 Jews were deported to the Chelmno death camp. The 89 skilled workers were sent to the ghetto of Lodz., where they were shot afterwards.

Nearby villages

  • Koło
  • Józefów-Wiktorów
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