Domanivka (Domanevka, Domaniovca) | Mykolaiv

/ / Yahad’s team during the interview. ©Nicolas Tkatchouk/Yahad-In Unum Anatoliy S., born in 1938, witness an execution in the other camp, in Bohdanivka: ©Nicolas Tkatchouk/Yahad-In Unum Nina O., born in 1928 “The Jews were held in the Klub. Those who could not support it and died were buried in the mass grave in the forest.” ©Nicolas Tkatchouk/Yahad-In Unum Ivan G., born in 928: “The Jews brought from Odesa were confined in the school building and Klub. After having stayed here for one or two days they were taken to Bohdnivka.” Yahad’s team during the interview. ©Nicolas Tkatchouk/Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Domanivka

4 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Several
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
About 18,000
Witnesses interviewed :
7

Witness interview

Nina O., born in 1928: “YIU: Were the Jews taken away long after the Romanians?
Witness: When the war began many of them were evacuated. They were transported to some other part of the USSR, those of them who could go. But many of them did not go away, they stayed here. That Salgannik who lived on Lenina street and whose daughters were our friends said: "I am not going anywhere from here, to any other place". He was an elderly man, he worked at the mill. He was a miller. He said: "I will not go anywhere. What have I done to anyone? Why would anyone want to harm me?" But I do not remember how… I know only that he and the girls were taken to Katerinka and executed. There was one girl from Domanivka, Jenia Podolska, who crawled out of that grave. She was Jewish. The grave was already prepared when they were to be executed. They came up to that grave and their father understood that they were just about to be shot. So he told the girls: "Girls, if they start shooting fall down into the grave even if you are not hit. Fall down and maybe some of you will survive”. And so they did when the execution began. These three girls - Zhenia Podolska, Valia and Vova Salgannik, - fled from the grave.” (Testimony n°1265, interviewed in Domanivka, on July 30, 2011)

Soviet archives

“[…] The mass shootings of Soviet Jewish civilians - men, women, children, and elder people, started on December 19, 1941. The shootings were carried out in the southwestern part of the village of Domanevka near the forest, on the village’s eastern part, north of the hospital, north of Domanevka, at the territory of the "Radyanskyi Selyanyn" kolkhoz, and in the northwestern part of the small village of Chuyky.
It has been found out that two graves 10-12 meters long and 2.5 meters wide each are located on the territory of Domanevka near the forest and 10 ditches measuring 4x10 meters are located in the forest. There are 10 graves of 4x2 meters, one grave of 30x20 meters, and two graves of 8 x 4 meters at the "Radyanskyi Selyanyn" kolkhoz; on the [...] eastern side of Domanevka there are a number of graves with the bodies of people who had been shot. The shootings were carried out in groups, 150-200 people were taken, forced to undress on the spot, and shot 10-15 at a time. Two rectangular areas were also discovered where the bodies were burned after the shooting. The shooting was carried out by the Romanian gendarmerie. [Act drawn up by Soviet State commission (ChGK) on May 3, 1944; RG.22-002M: GARF 7021-69-342]

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