1 Execution site(s)
Marian K. recalls : "They killed the first five Jews in a village not far from here. They brought the bodies of the Jews here and they threw them on the market place. They threw the bodies from a cart. These bodies were bloody. People were shocked. How could they kill so many people? Unfortunately, this was repeated thereafter." (Eyewitness N°54, interviewed in Dubienka, on July 12, 2011)
Dubienka is located 94 kilometers (58 miles) east- southeast of Lublin. Before the war there were 2,160 Jews living in the town. First, in September 1939, the town was occupied by Soviet Union, but then, at the end of September, the Germans occupied it definitely. Some Jews left with the Soviet army.
From the very beginning Jews were subjected to humiliation, force labor and robberies. A Jewish council was established. On December 1, 1939, Germans transported young men to Hrubieszów, and from there to walk to Soviet border. During this “death march” a lot of Jews were shot and drowned in the Bug River. In the spring of 1940, hundreds of Jews aged 17 and above were sent to labor camps around Bełzec. In May 1942, the German authorities reported that there were 2,907 Jews in Dubienka, who were brought from different places. On May 22, 1942 an Aktion against the Jews took place during which a number of Jews were shot at the Jewish cemetery. On June 2, 1942, the Germans undertook a deportation Aktion to Sobibór extermination camp. After this deportation Aktion, only about 200 Jewish craftmen left. They were deported to Hrubieszów ghetto and killed afterwards, in the middle of August, 1942.
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