3 Execution site(s)
Ivanna Ch., born in 1934: “The Jews lived in the owner’s old house. The house had three floors, but was not guarded. During the day, the Jews worked in the fields, at the rubber plant. In the evenings, when they returned from work, I would go there along with other children to give them food. My mother would prepare us fresh cream, eggs, bread, in exchange for which we received clothes, or sweets from time to time. We could go there whenever we wanted, there was no restriction. The Jews who were confined in the house spoke Ukrainian, but I don’t know where they were from because they weren’t local.” (Witness n°2355U, interviewed in Mylivtsi, on March 17, 2018)
"On the morning of July 20, 1943, when the Jews had already had breakfast, the girls and women had gone to work in the vineyards, and the men had left for the fields, four Gestapo men arrived and opened fire on the women and girls in the vineyards. They all ran away and hid in the village. Then fifteen policemen armed with rifles came to reinforce the Gestapo men. Three Gestapo men and a policeman stayed at Filvarok (manor) to search for the Jews hiding there; one Gestapo man and fifteen policemen [?] pursued the Jews fleeing towards the village. Ten or eleven people were killed in the village of Milovtse [Mylivtsi], the others (old men, women, and children) were gathered at the foot of the Filvarok trees, ordered to strip naked, and to lie down on the ground in rows. Jews who had fled into the village were brought back. Once all were undressed and lying face down on the ground, at the command of a German, a gestapo man shot each Jew in the back of the head. There were very few men, as they had managed to escape across the Seret river. That day, some 50 Jews were brutally shot. This barbaric execution was brought to an end by the whistle of one of the Gestapo men who was seated a little further on near the commissary. When the policemen brought another nine or ten Jews the Gestapo man who had just whistled, their chief, told them to take these 10 Jews to Iagolnitsia as he had no more ammunition.”."[Depsition of a local villager, Karol G., born in 1892, manager of the farm, given to the Soviet State Extraordinary Commission (ChGK); GARF 7021-75-?/ USHMM: RG 22.002M, reel 17]
Mylivtsi is located 80 km (50mi) south of Ternopil. Little is known about the Jewish community in Mylivtsi. It was rather small compared to the communities in the nearby town of Tovste, located 7 km (4mi) south and Chortkiv, located 24 km (16mi) northwest. According to local testimonies recorded by Yahad, four Jewish families lived in the village. The majority of the population was Ukrainian and Polish. The villagers worked for a rich Pole who owned the land and the filwarok (Polish manor). The Jews lived in the center and mainly owned shops, but some of them were artisans.
Mylivtsi was occupied by German and Hungarian troops on July 7, 1941. According to the Soviet archives, a labor camp was created at the former Polish manor in 1943. A group of about a hundred Jews or more, men, women, children, were taken there and placed in a house located on the former Polish property. The inmates were subjected to forced labor in the rubber plantations. The Jews were murdered over the course of three different shootings. The first murder operation was conducted on July 20, 1943. Around fifty Jews were stripped naked, laid on the ground and shot. Their bodies were then thrown into a well. The second was carried out in November 1943. During this shooting, between 22 and 43 were killed at the well. The third shooting took place in March 1944, during which between 10 and 25 Jews were shot. All the bodies, circa. one hundred in total, were thrown into the well. Yahad also managed to identify two more sites of isolated killings located on the grounds of former Polish estate. All the sites remain without memorial.
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