Nekrasove (former Jóźwin, Iuzvin) | Vinnytsia

Execution of Jews in Nekrasove

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before:
Period of occupation:
Number of victims:

Soviet archives

"The Commission […] has drawn up the present act about the atrocities committed by the Nazi invaders during the temporary occupation of the village of Iuzvin [today Nekrasove]. On March 2, 1942, at dawn, a group of German gendarmes and members of the Gestapo, a total of 60 people, arrived in the village of Iuzvin, where they rounded up all the Jewish residents, 97 people in all (list attached). The [Jews] were taken to the forest […] located 0,5 km from the Iuzvin village, where they were all shot dead and buried. In the same forest, up to 60 civilians from other districts of Vinnytsia region were also shot and buried by the German gendarmerie." [Act N°27 drawn by State Extraordinary Soviet Commission (ChGK), on April 13, 1945, p.108; GARF 7021-54-1251/ Copy USHMM RG.22-002M]

Historical note

Nekrasove, known as Salishi until 1758 and later as Iuzvin until 1946, is located approximately 20 km (12.4 mi) southwest of Vinnytsia. Its origins date back to the 15th century, and historical records from the 1569 Union of Lublin indicate its transfer to Poland. By 1764, the town boasted 147 Jewish families. Following the Second Partition of Poland in 1793, Nekrasove came under Russian rule. According to the 1897 census, the Jewish population numbered 445 individuals, comprising over 23% of the total population.

During the 19th century, Nekrasove emerged as a notable hub for trade and craftsmanship, with numerous small businesses engaged in leather tanning, clothing and shoe production, as well as manufacturing. The era also saw the establishment of two state-owned water mills and a distillery. However, despite the Jewish community’s significant economic contributions in the early 20th century, they faced a decline during the Russian Civil War. Between 1918 and 1920, power struggles led to frequent shifts, and the town was downgraded to a village.

Information about the Jewish residents of Nekrasove on the eve of World War II is scarce, but it is estimated that there were at least around 100 Jews during the occupation period.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Nekrasove fell under German occupation on July 14, 1941. Following a brief period of military control, the town transitioned to German civil administration in autumn 1941.

According to records from the Soviet archives, on March 2, 1942, a group of 60 German gendarmes and Gestapo members arrived in Nekrasove from Vinnytsia. They proceeded to identify the homes of Jewish residents and rounded up 97 individuals. These Jewish residents were then marched to a nearby forest, situated approximately 0.5 km from Nekrasove, where they were executed. The execution took place in two separate pits, after which the victims were buried on the spot. Yahad’s field research in the area successfully identified the execution site within the forest.

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