Felicjanów (Felicjanow)/Koluszki | Łódź Voivodeship

Execution of the Koluszki Jews in Felicjanów

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Field
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1939-1944
Number of victims :
About 40

Witness interview

Zenon K., born in 1929: “I have never heard of mass executions in Felicjanów, and I don’t think there were any. However, there were isolated shootings. I couldn’t say how many victims there were. They were all buried in a mass grave. Today, there is a memorial there.” (Witness n°857, interviewed in Koluszki on July 5th,2018).

Polish Archives

« Register on Nazi crimes in Poland, Piotrkowkie :

May / June 1942:

11 Jews were executed, because they got out of the limits of the Koluszki ghetto. The execution was conducted by policemen at the Jewish cemetery of Felicjanow. The bodies were buried there.” [Source : AGK, Ankieta GK “Egzekucje” Felicjanow, pow. Brzeziny, woj. Lodzkie; AGK, Ankieta OKBZH “Egzekucje” Felicjanow, pow. Bzreziny, woj. Lodzkie; AGK, ASG, sygn. 20, k,8].

Historical note

Felicjanów is located 33 km north-east of Lodz. There is not much information about Jews living in Felicjanów. From the historical sources, we know that a bigger Jewish community lived in the town of  Koluszki, located  3 km north-west. The first Jews settled down in town in the 18th century. The majority of Jews lived off of trade and handcrafted items. As a result of the newly built railway station, the town became an important trade center. In 1921, about 30% of the total population was Jewish, including 387 Jews living in the town. By 1939,  there were only about a hundred left. 

Holocaust by bullets in figures

The Germans occupied the town on September 9, 1939. The ghetto was created on April 10th, 1941, and numbered about 3,000 Jews from the town and its surroundings.  The inmates fit to work were forced to perform forced labor. Due to overcrowding and bad living conditions, a typhus epidemic broke out. The ghetto was liquidated in October 1942 when the majority of the inmates were rounded-up and deported to the Treblinka death camp. About 40 Jews, mostly sick and elderly people, or those who attempted to resist or hide, were killed on the spot. Their bodies were taken to be buried in  Felicjanów.

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